Melbourneis the capital of state of Victoria where more than 16 % of the population of the country lives. Among the highest buildings of Melbourne is 52-storeyed Nauru-house belonging to tiny island. The Business centre is on right I protect, and inhabited quarters and parks - on left. Near the Royal botanical garden is Turak - quarter in which the richest people of staff live. The headquarters of the largest corporation of the country "Broken Hill" here has located. The picture gallery contains the best in the Southern hemisphere assembly of masterpieces of world art, including Rembrandt's creations, Tiepolo, Reinolds. Melbourne - the second-largest industrial and financial center of the country, the largest oil refining factories here are located. In Melbourne besides the Museum of Victoria, are the Museum of gold, "Chinatown" - gallery of sports and Olympic Games, old city quarters of XIX century, a casino. Is here and a zoo. The favourite area of mountain resorts with the crystal-clear rivers and lakes is in 64 km to the north from city, for Hillsphil. Melbourne has been based in 1835 by farmer John Batman who has bought from natives literally for knickknacks of 243 000 acres of the ground in a mouth of the river Jarra. Melbourne became the first Australian settlement based by free people. In two years, in 1837, the settlement was totaled by 500 person and 100 thousand sheeps. During same time general resettlement of farmers to Victoria on the fertile grounds has begun. In 1847 Melbourne has received the status of city. Crucial event in history of Victoria and Melbourne became the Gold Fever of the middle of 19 centuries. In 1851 gold here was revealed and to Victoria adventurers from all light have rushed. For three years the population of staff has reached 300.000 person, and by 1885 it has already exceeded 1 million. Here the largest has been found in the world a nugget of gold in weight of 87 kg, received a name " the Hospitable wanderer ", and all in Victoria has been extracted gold more, than during the well-known Californian fever. Gold and riches promoted rapid development of Melbourne and its status of the main city of Australia. By 1855 majestic buildings of the Museum of Victoria, the State Library, National Gallery have been constructed, the Melbourne University has opened. In 1880 one of the first World's fairs took place in Melbourne, involved thousand foreign participants and visitors. With 1901 for 1927 when the capital has been transferred to Canberra, the Australian Parliament sat in the business district in Melbourne. In 1992 under the decision of the Washington center on problems of the population to Melbourne the title " The most livable city in the world " has been appropriated. And though now many inhabitants of Melbourne with a reluctance recognize, that the palm tree of superiority has moved to Sydney as financial and business structures there have concentrated, Melbourne still in many respects remains to "main things". In Melbourne the set important sport competitions is spent: the well-known jumps on the Cup of Melbourne in which the best racers of the world take part, the international races Ôîðìóëà-1, the Open championship of Australia on tennis and many other things. Today person of which nearly half natives of Greece and Italy - make Melbourne the third on size the Greek city in the world and the biggest Italian city outside Italy lives in Melbourne about 3.5 million. Since times of a gold fever the greater Chinese community was here too kept. Today's Melbourne is certainly capital of culinary art of Australia. Thousand restaurants in Melbourne offer visitors of a dish of all countries of the world. Their refined kitchen will satisfy inquiries of the most refined gourmet. Besides Melbourne is famous for the shops of fashionable clothes. In October, 2002 Melbourne (and Vancouver) has been recognized by organization Economist Intelligence Unit " the best cities in the world in which to live ".