World-famous university in Oxford

Every one has at least heard once about Oxford. It has a world famous university and a bunch of great colleges. But, in fact, it is not like that at all. Being the oldest English speaking university in the world, the university in Oxford isn't the university you think about. It can surprise you than it has a long history that is interesting and some traditions and a unique structure.

Everybody knows that Oxford is a city with a great number of educational institutions but it isn't like that. Located in Oxford, the University of Oxford is the oldest university in the English speaking world. The foundation of Oxford University is said to date back to the 11th century, although the exact date remains unknown. The only evidence of the ancient roots of Oxford is the history of teaching as early as 1096 there.

The growth of Oxford University was clearly observed in 1167 when Henry the Second of England forbade English students to study at the University of Paris. The foundation of the first halls of residence contemporized with these events. The 1209 rioting made students leave Oxford for other parts of the country. Such a migration led to the establishment of a university in Cambridge. Since that time, the two schools have had a long history of competition with each other. They are considered to be the two most selective universities in the United Kingdom. In 1214, the University of Oxford was granted a charter of liberties according to which the university got the right of a university Chancellor appointment. In 1571, the Act of Incorporation of both universities confirmed the status of the university.

As the university took shape, it a degree was adopted according to which all students would have to reside in appointed halls. Of the hundreds of halls that sprang up in the city, only Saint Edmund's Hall remains. What put an end to the halls was the emergence of the colleges. Today, the university in Oxford represents the collegiate system that springs up from the fact that the university came into existence through the gradual fusion of institutions in the city of Oxford. Today, the University of Oxford comprises 39 colleges and seven religious permanent private halls that are autonomous self governing corporations within the university. Being a part of the university system are not only the houses of residence but they also have a certain degree of responsibility for the teaching of the undergraduates. The colleges are responsible for classes and tutorials which is the main method of teaching while lectures, examinations, laboratories, and the university library is run by the university The average college consists of a great hall for dining, a library, a chapel, a college bar, senior and middle and junior common rooms, there is also 200 to 400 rooms for undergraduates as well as accommodations for the head of the college and other dons.

Ranging from the medieval to the very modern the buildings and colleges in Oxford have the same structure which amounts to a system of interlocking quadrangles which one or more wooden gates controlling the entry from the outside.

The universities oldest colleges are the University College, Balliol, and Merton, established between 1249 and 1264; Exter was founded in 1314 and Oriel was founded in 1326. Of course there are many other older colleges such as Lincoln Colleges, All Souls College, Magdalen College, and more. But, the colleges that were mentioned above deserve special attention and recognition because they preserved the traditions of the University of Oxford. The most recent college is Kellogg College established in 19990With women entering the university in 1878 and becoming a member of it in 1920, there appeared a number of women's colleges such as Somerville College, Lady Margaret Hall, and Saint Hugh's. Today, all dorms are co-ed institutions. The only remaining women only college is Saint Hilda's.

Among the university students were four British and at least eight foreign Kings, 47 Nobel Prize winners, and three Fields medalists. There were also 25 British Prime Ministers, 28 foreign Presidents, seven saints, 86 Archbishops, 18 cardinals, and one pope. There are many well known scientists, artists, and other prominent figures. Oxford University probably has the best reputation among world wide universities. It is not the only location in Oxford that is worth visiting but Oxford University is a very popular and distinguished place to visit.

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