Taking preventive action is your best defense against having to deal with extreme cold-weather and icy roads in winter. By preparing yourself, your home, and car in advance for winter emergencies, and by observing safety precautions during times of cold weather, you can reduce the risk of weather-related health problems. The given below winter safety rules will help you get prepared for winter "surprises" and avoid them. As the proverb says, "Forewarned is forearmed."
First of all, you should know what winter risks we can be exposed to. They are extremely cold temperature, snowstorm, ice, and strong wind. Cold-related injuries are from frostbite to hypothermia.
Winter safety rules for you
1. Before leaving your home eat properly and drink a cup of tea with sugar. Remember winter is not a good time to be on diet. If during summer time you eat fat free products, change them for products that contain fat, the amount may differ. For example, eat 3 or 5% yoghurt instead of 0,3%. Take vitamins. A teaspoon of honey and some nuts in the morning will charge you with energy enough to keep warm and get to your work.
2. Dress properly. People who live in the regions with low temperatures are not used to the cold, they dress properly. Wear several layers of loose-fitting clothing to insulate your body by trapping warm, dry air inside. Loosely woven cotton and wool clothes best trap air and resist dampness. The head and neck lose heat faster than any other part of the body. Your cheeks, ears and nose are the most prone to frostbite. Wear a hat, scarf and turtleneck sweater to protect these areas.
3. When the weather is extremely cold, and especially if there are high winds, try to stay indoors. Make any trips outside as brief as possible. If you start shivering, try to get to the warm place as soon as possible, drink a cup of hot tea and make a tub with mustard for your feet. These winter safety measures will help you avoid a cold.
4. Cold weather might make you feel like hibernating, but you don't have to give up your exercise and fitness goals. You can exercise indoors. And by dressing properly and heeding winter safety tips, you can exercise outdoors, too.
Winter safety rules for your home
1. If you don't need extra ventilation, keep as much heat as possible inside your home. Avoid unnecessary opening of doors or windows. Close off unneeded rooms, stuff towels or rags in cracks under doors, and close draperies or cover windows with blankets at night.
2. If there is a power failure, use battery-powered flashlights or lanterns rather than candles. If you use candles, never leave them unattended.
3. Be careful with heaters. Never leave them on at night. Never place a space heater on top of furniture, TV or near water. If your space heater has a damaged electrical cord or produces sparks, do not use it. Never leave children unattended near a space heater.
Winter safety rules for your car
1. Replace any worn tires, and check the air pressure in the tires. Winter tires are bnecessary for icy and snowy roads. Replace windshield-wiper fluid with a wintertime mixture. Have the radiator system serviced, or check the antifreeze level yourself with an antifreeze tester. Add antifreeze, as needed. Keep the gas tank near full to help avoid ice in the tank and fuel lines.
2. You should always have the following items in your car: windshield scraper, tire chains, first aid kit, bag of sand or cat litter (to pour on ice or snow for added traction), paper towels, blankets, and a mobile phone.
3. Have with you, not in your car, lock de-ice. It will help get in your car removing ice from the locks. Besides, it serves as a rust inhibitor.
Have a nice enjoyable winter! May severe winter will not be yours!