The largest country in East Africa, Tanzania boasts the highest mountain on the continent, the exotic spice islands of historical Zanzibar, and the famous Serengeti National Park whose seemingly endless plains stage one of the greatest spectacles of animal behavior, the annual migration of millions of wildebeest and zebra in Tanzanian parks followed by their predators. The Great Rift Valley gives rise to the unique geological formations found in the magnificent Ngorongoro Crater and Mt Kilimanjaro. It is also home to the world's largest game reserve, the Selous, covering an area larger than Switzerland.
Tanzania is a peaceful, welcoming and friendly country, which has much to offer the tourist. Tanzania is richly endowed with many animal and bird species and offers some of the finest game viewing on the continent. Dar-es-Salaam is the largest city, a hustling, bustling and surprisingly scenic tropical seaport that is a common starting point for trips into the country. A dusty safari into the vast wilderness is superbly complemented by time spent on the refreshing Zanzibar islands, in Tanzanian white palm-fringed beaches, beautiful coral gardens, and historic Stone Town - an exotic reminder of its days as a major spice and slave trade centre.
Tanzania is home to hundreds of different ethnic groups and cultures, from the red-clad herders of the Masai tribes on the Serengeti plains to the modestly veiled women of Zanzibar's Islamic Stone Town. The warmth and smiling faces of its friendly people will touch the heart of every traveller.
Tanzania has a relatively stable government and is about as safe as anywhere on the continent, especially if you spend as little time as possible in Tanzanian cities. You have a greater chance of being eaten by a lion than of being mugged or robbed, and the chances of an unpleasant meeting with a simba (Swahili for lion) are small indeed. Be aware though that Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world, with a per capita income of about U.S. $250. It is important not to flaunt ones possessions or large amounts of cash when in urban areas.
Tanzania is home to the Serengeti, a vast plane (savanna) containing one of the world's largest and most varied wildlife habitats. It is connected in the north of the country to Kenya and the Masai Mara, which is an extension of the Serengeti. Several things combine to make this a unique place to visit and a superb place to do photography - of wildlife as well as landscapes and people. One can not travel in Tanzanian National Parks without a licensed guide and a 4WD vehicle. For wildlife viewing and photography these need to be specially modified Land Rovers that have pop-top roofs that allow you to stand up rather than just peering though the narrow angle view of a side window.
Visas & Passports
Guests visiting Tanzania must have a passport valid for 6 months from date of travel and a tourist visa. Visas are issued by Tanzanian Embassy, High Commissions and Consulates world wide. Visas should be obtained in advance of travel.
It is possible, although not recommended, to obtain a visa on entry to Tanzania, at Dar-es-Salaam International Airport. The cost is US $50.
All visitors also require proof of sufficient funds and should hold documentation for their return or onward journey. Those tourists arriving from an infected country must hold a yellow fever vaccination certificate.
Note: Passport and visa requirements are liable to change at short notice. Travellers are advised to check their entry requirements with their embassy or consulate.