Sayna is an important political, economic, cultural, and foreign trade port and also a famous tourist city filled with tropical landscapes and local customs. The region of Sanya has a long history of human development. There were discoveries of cultural relics of the Old Stone Age and Ancient Persian Tombs were found along the coast. The Sanya region was called Ahuya Prefecture in the during the time of the Western Han Dynasty, it was later changed to the Linzchen Province in the Sui Dynasty, Zhen Zhou during the Tang Dynasty, Ya Zhou during the Song Dynasty, Ya country in 1920, and Sanya City in 1984.
Sanya has been transformed from a spot that nobody wished to visit at the utmost ends of the earth to one of China's most popular resort areas. At the northern portion of Sanya, there are mountains; the southern part of Sanya has plains. It has a tropical monsoon climate with an average annual temperature of 25.4 degrees Celsius. Sanya is rich in forest and water resources. Mineral deposits there include: quartz, limestone, iron, and phosphorus. Sanya is a hub of transportation in the southern area of Hainan Island. The Sanya Port connects Sanya with Guangzhou, Beihai, and Shenzhen.
The region's premier tourist attractions include: Dadonghai, Tianya, Haijiao, and the Yalong Gulf. But, the beaches are probably the biggest attraction here. Sanya has some of the most beautiful and well maintained stretches of sand not just in China but also in Southern Asia. The sand is white and soft, and shady with the palm trees. The sea is wonderfully blue and warm. It is just about the only place on Sanya travel to soak up the sun, relax, and just enjoy the unique ambience that dominates this place.
As a busy port and tourist resort on the southern tip of Hainan Island, Sanya is the second largest city on the island with its own airport and it is a laid back location where life moves at an unhurried pace. Sanya is situated on a small peninsula connected to the mainland by two bridges. It is a great place to soak up some atmosphere and the night market here is quite lively with seafood thrown out on the streets, stores selling all types of weird and wonderful wares including smuggling goods from Vietnam and huge tea warehouses. If you wish to take some mangos and some coconut snacks home, Sanya Market is a perfect shopping market selling fresh Asian food tropical fruits, and fresh seafood. The famous fish products are mackerel, red snapper, sea cucumbers, sea horses, pearls, shark's fin, abalone, edible bird's nests, and agalloch eaglewood.
On the western outskirts of Sanya, there is a community of over 500 Hui minority which is the only Muslim group in Hainan that inhabits the countryside around Sanya. Here the colorful headscarves of the Muslim women are a familiar sight and it brightens the town's streets. A traditionally shy and reserved group, Hui people have come out of their shells in recent years and now can be found selling wares to the tourists on the white sandy beaches of Sanya. With wonderful beach resorts and a rich cultural heritage, Sanya is one of the best places to visit in China.