Best known for their fantastic pristine white-sand beaches and crystal clear waters, recognized as its most valuable possessions, Turks and Caicos Islands are ranked with the most visited destinations in the Caribbean, whose 60% visitors used to come back here again and again. There are eight inhabited islands, including Pine Cay, Parrot Cay, Providenciales, North Caicos, Middle Caicos, South Caicos, Grand Turk and Salt Cay along with a number of other fascinating cays that are uninhabited. All the islands are flat featuring lush green vegetation and sand dunes.
Currently the tourism industry is seen as the main source of income to the economy of Turks and Caicos. In addition, the country is a major offshore financial center with a traditional fishing industry, which spreads throughout the Turks and Caicos. The main tourist island is Providenciales, offering visitors a wide range of international style accommodation, the majority of them being nestled on the beach. Available on other islands and small caves are more intimate and rustic accommodations.
Located some 650 miles east of Miami and 90 miles north of Dominican Republic, Salt Cay is the southernmost inhabited island of the Turks and Caicos Islands, known as one of the largest salt exporters worldwide during the period of 1700-1960. Visitors are offered a few historical churches and several plantation houses to view, in which salt was stored prior to shipping.
As the most remote of Turks and Caicos Islands, Salt Cay offers some of the best scuba diving and snorkeling in the world, while the pristine blue waters are still teeming with spectacular colors and fish. The island is frequently referred to as the Humpback Whale Headquarters, due to its position in the Columbus Passage where whale migrations occur. Exploring Salt Cay is always a real treat. And though the island cannot boast exciting nightlife and casinos, there is much to see and do in the areas of activities.
You will be offered to pay a visit to still standing remains of plantations dating back to the early 1800s, and wonderful salt ponds, due to which Salt Cay was the world's largest salt harvester. Nature lovers can admire a few types of birds, notably nesting ospreys.
The superb location of Salt Cay makes it ideal for a wide variety of water adventures and activities alike, including snorkeling, scuba diving, kayaking, hiking up Taylor's Hill, beachcombing on South Creek, bird watching, swimming, photographing iguanas, napping, taming the wild donkeys and camping on uninhabited cays.
Shell collecting and hiking are another favorite pastimes, as the beaches at Salt Cay are mostly deserted and it's not common to see large crowds of tourists here. With walls starting at nearly 35 feet and going down to as deep as 7,000 feet, the beautiful reefs of the island offer world class scuba diving and snorkeling appealing to all levels and abilities.
Available are excursions to Grand Turk for those eager to experience both islands. Winter and spring months are the peak of whale watching season.