The Mexican state of Oaxaca is in the south west of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. The state is located in the mountains. Oaxaca is the historic home of the Zapotec and Mixtec peoples. Mexico's most famous leader, President Benito Juárez, came from the Oaxacan village of San Pablo Guelatao. Other famous Oaxacans include Francisco Toledo, María Sabina, J. Alberto Canseco Díaz and many other writers, artists and politicians.
It has peaks almost 10,000 feet (more than 3,000 metres) high, caverns among the deepest in the world, virgin beaches, hidden jungles, and luminous valleys that house populations where, as a crucible, cultures of all people who once lived in its midst come together.
Oaxaca, the State Capital, declared Humanity's Cultural Patrimony by UNESCO, owes its fame to the beauty and harmony of its architecture, the richness of its cultural traditions, the wide variety of its typical foods, and its soft temperate climate, spring-like throughout the year.
The weather varies a lot because of the irregular surface of the soil. It is hot and dry in the coastal area near the Pacific; humid and hot in the Pacific Coast; and it varies in the Sierra Madre, being mild in the rest of the State and cold in areas with an altitude higher than 2,000 meters above sea level.
The most popular place for Mexican surfaces is Puerto Escondido. Everyone's heard of the place and many have given it a try. Puerto Escondido is a port city in the Mexican state of Oaxaca. The town was established in 1928 for the shipment of coffee. It later became a popular destination. The primary attractions are the beautiful beaches and championship surfing. It attracts thousands of surfing enthusiasts annually. Puerto Escondido is also an extremely popular destination for backpackers from all over the world. Today, Puerto Escondido is a home for fishermen, surfers, vacationers, and an ecletic expatriot community.
Another place which is interesting to visit is Huatulco. It is a tourist destination in Mexico. It is located in the southern part of the state of Oaxaca. Huatulco refers to the resort area Bahías de Huatulco or the bays of Huatulco. The four main parts of Huatulco are Tangolunda, the area where the more upscale resorts are located, Santa Cruz, a small town with more hotels, the marina and Santa Cruz beach, La Crucecita, another small town just inland from the beach area that provides support services to the resort, and Chahue, an area between Santa Cruz and Tangolunda. These areas are within a mile or two of each other, so hotels and restaurants for all of them are listed here on the Huatulco page. Construction on the Huatulco resort area began in 1983; virtually all structures were built after that date. The existing population was relocated to Santa Maria Huatulco.
Huatulco features different bays. Many luxury resorts lay on the shores of Tangolunda's bay. Camino Real, Gala and Barceló are examples of the most common resorts in the area. There are many activities that can be done by the visitors.