Founded on the bank of the River Leine, Hannover has grown from a small village of fishermen and ferrymen to become a large and important city in Germany. In the XIV century a city wall with three town gates was built to secure the city, as well as major churches of Hannover. In the XVII century the Duke of Calenberg moved his residence to the city, with his duchy being afterwards known as the Duchy of Hannover. After the Convention of Elbe was imposed in July 1803, some 30,000 French soldiers occupied the city, which led to the disbanding of Hannover's army. As a result, vast majority of the soldiers of Hannover immigrated to England, leading to the King's German Legion. In the early XIX century the city expanded to the Leine's western bank and has been growing considerably ever since. After World War II, the city became famous for hosting such commercial expos as the Hannover Fair and CeBIT. In 2000, travelers enjoying their Hannover holidays had a chance to visit the Expo 2000. Due to important extensions, particularly for the Expo 2000, the Hannover fairground is recognized as the largest in the world.
Among the greatest sights of the city that should by all means be included into your must-see list during Hannover holidays are: Market Square, the oldest square in the city and a center of urban expansion; Kr?pcke, Hannover's most central square and a favorite meeting place; Ballhof Square, designed and built in the 1930s; Kreuzkirche, Church of the Holy Cross constructed in the XIV century; Aegidienkirche, the memorial for victims of violence and war; Leineschloss, the seat of the Parliament of Lower Saxony; Altes Rathaus, the old town hall at the marketplace; Mausoleum, the royal family's last resting place constructed by Laves in 1846; Opernhaus, built in the 1840s based on the plan drawn by Laves; Welfenschloss, constructed in the 1860s as residence of King George V and rebuilt in the 1870s as seat of the university; Maschsee, the artificial lake, known also as the Blue Eye of Hannover; Hermesturm, a steel skeleton tower at Laatzen's exhibitions grounds, and more. Hannover is home to several universities, namely the University of Hannover, Hannover Medical School, Hannover Conservatory and School of Veterinary Medicine. For many travelers Hannover holidays are associated with day trips to Hildeshein- a beautiful medieval town, home to UNESCO-cultural heritage Cathedrals, halt-timbered houses and a marketplace. Another well-known town, Hamelin, is famous for the folktale of the Pied Piper of Hamelin.
Hannover holidays is a wonderful opportunity to visit the largest industrial fair in the world - the Hannover Fair attracting over 6,000 exhibitors and 200,000 visitors annually. Started in Laatzen in 1947 to boost economic advancement in Germany, the fair proved successful and hence, was held annually, contributing to the success of Hannover fairground. The Fair's successful spin, CeBIT is recognized as the largest and most important computer expo in the world with an attendance of nearly 700,000 visitors.
Both business and leisure travelers can take advantage of car hire Hannover offered by such car rental agencies as Europcar, Thrifty, Budget, Hertz and Alamo.