Many visitors come to see and climb Everest, the highest mountain and the most famous mountaineering destination in the world. However, if you wish to climb Everest, you should apply to the Nepal Ministry of Tourism at least six months in advance. What else should you know to efficiently plan the Nepal travel?
All visitors except Indian nationals are required to hold a passport and a visa to fullfil a travel in Nepal. A visa for the travel in Nepal can be obtained at the Nepalese diplomatic missions and consulates abroad; it is also issues at the entry points. Children under ten obtain a visa without any fee.
The most convenient and efficient way to enter Nepal is by air. Many international airlines connect Kakhmandu, Nepal's capital with Bangkok, China, America and Europe. It is also possible to enter Nepal by road from India and Tibet. From India you cross the border at Kodary, and from there it will take you seven to twelve hours by bus to reach Kathmandu. India has several border crossings, including Sunauli, Belahiya, Patna and Karkabhitta.
The best seasons for the Nepal travel are spring and autumn. In spring, from the beginning of March and the end of April, the days are warm and the wildlife is more spectacular than ever. In autumn, from October to December, the weather is clear with cool and warm days and cold nights. The Nepal travel in winter is not recommended due to occasional winter storms. The summer in Nepal is a monsoon season, the days are hot, but it rains almost every day.
Many tourists, who visit Nepal, dedicate their holidays to trekking Himalayas or other mountainous peaks. Hence, the major health concern here is Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS - an altitude related illness). All high altitude treks, offered by professionals, are provided with life saving equipment, group leaders are trained in dealing with all aspects of emergency, and in cases of serious illnesses, tour participants are rescued by the helicopter. A medical insurance is important, since all medical assistance will be done at your expenses; thus, should be covered in your insurance.
If you travel to Nepal for the sake of trekking and climbing, you will need clothes, suitable to put on during cold nights and warm days. Waterproof jackets, trekking trousers, T-shirts, thermal underwear are necessary. Some gear such as fleece gloves and hats, fleece jackets and pants are available in many shops of Kathmandu, while some articles, such as sleeping bags and down jackets, can be easily hired. Good travel agencies, which organize trekking and climbing tours, provide almost all gear and equipment.