The state of Tabasco is formerly home to one of the most important Mesoamerican cultures in Mexico - the Olmecs. Today, Tabasco offers a wide range of attractions and outdoor recreational activities. The state's impressive Olmec and Mayan archaeological zones are ideal to explore and include La Venta, Comalcalco and Pomona, and Tabasco is also known for its countless waterfalls, caverns, swamps, stunning beaches, rivers and marshes.
The ruins of Tabasco are limited to two separate and distinct locations. The ruins of Pomona and Comalcalco.
Comalcalco is Located in Tabasco, is the most westward city of the Maya area. It is differentiated from other Maya sites by its use of brick as a substitute for stone. Its highest development came at the same time as that of other large cities of the Classic, including Palenque, with which it had close ties. It may have even been an out post for military reasons from the high command at Palenque.
Comalcalco's ruins show three large ceremonial complexes. The Grand Acropolis, the North Group, and the East Acropolis. Individual structures include the Palace, the site's biggest building, and temples located in the Grand Acropolis. There is a large stuccoed mask in one temple which depicts the sun as Kinich Ahua or as Kinich Kakmó. Not far from the Palace is found the so-called Tomb of Stuccoes on whose walls can be found stuccoed figures. They may represent the nine lords of the underworld.
The ceremonial center of Pomona is 39 km from the city of Tenosique and 249 km from Villahermosa. This Mayan city thrived between 600 and 900 A.D.A. unique type of limestone was used to build Pomona setting it apart from other archeological sites in the area. Pomona spans 175 hectares and consists of six groups of buildings on the right bank of the Pomona stream. Although Pomona isn't as large as Comalcalco, Palenque or, Reforma, it is strategically located between two regions: the floodplain of the Usumacinta, and the valleys and mountains through which the river also flows.
Pomona flourished during the late Classic period and reached its demise in the Early post-Classic. The ancient city was a key player in regional politics and trade due to its relationship with states in the Peten. Of the site's groupings only one has been excavated to date. Near the entrance to the site are three buildings surrounding a large plaza with a central temple. The first building, to the north, is a pyramid base with a rectangular floor and circular altar mounted on four columns. At the foot of the building is a stone disk on cylinder bases. The building to the east consists of two low platforms reached by stairs and flanked by four decorated flights of stairs.
A small altar built in the talud tablero style lies in the center of the plaza, a flight of stairs runs down each of its four sides. The building to the west comprises four joined structures, each with its own stairway. These buildings contain bas-reliefs depicting ornately dressed individuals, probably rulers or their courtiers. Pomona has its own museum with exhibits of pottery and stone carvings unearthed at he site.