The second reason was political: this social injustice could bring about a social unrest or revolution that would involve more and more increasing numbers of workers. Another reason was connected with the end of war and the workers' renowned contribution both on the battlefield and in the industry. Social justice was defined as a crucial factor in establishing universal peace and security.
Since its establishment and up to now, the ILO has assured its strong presence in the world by implementing projects, concerning labor problems and a defence of human rights that are still in use today.
One of the greatest plans, implemented by the ILO, is the International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labor (IPEC). In the recent years, the ILO has acquired substantial knowledge in child labor. It has conducted global estimates on child labor and concluded that poverty cannot be extirpated without dealing with the problem of child labor.
ILO continues to carry out research on the problem of child labor. Additional researches to the child labor estimates include an influence of labor on child's health and education, an interrelation between wages and productivity, children's work and school attendance. The research does not go separately from concrete measures undertaken for solving the problems.
The ILO is engaged in work with government statistical offices and ILO national constituents to develop a global consensus on an international statistical standard for measuring child labor.
In total, since 2001 to 2004, the ILO carried out one hundred and seventy seven projects, aimed at solving problems of child labor. The projects were accompanied by numerous recommendations, good practices as well as legislation and policy responses. The IPEC is currently operating in eighty six countries. Sixty one of those countries have signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the ILO.
To facilitate an easy observation of targets, set by the IPEC, and corresponding achievements and effectiveness, the IPEC developed a Global Monitoring Plan. This Plan shows that a systematic use of methodologies, guidelines, research results and good practices, developed by the ILO or with the ILO support, is observed in fifty two countries. At least fifty countries undertook two or more measures to deal with the child labor problem. A number of countries, which resort to the ILO's projects, is continuously increasing.
Two point one million children have benefited from the IPEC during 2004-2005 through either preventive measures or support for removal of the child labor situation. This number almost doubles the achievements of the IPEC in 2002-2003.
The results of the IPEC's implementation are more than noticeable. It is quite clear that the Programme gains an incredible caliber and growth, capable of delivering positive practices throughout the globe.