Fishermen may try more than 5, 175 square miles of inland freshwater - hundred of creeks, rivers, and lakes - plus scores of tidal bays and 624 miles of shorelines along the Gulf of Mexico.
Native freshwater game fish include black bass (largemouth, smallmouth, Guadalupe, spotted bass), crappie, bluegill (bream), various other sunfish, white or sand bass, and catfish including channel, blue and flathead (yellow). In recent years success has been achieved with non-native species stocked in Texas lakes and rivers. They include Florida bass, walleye, rainbow trout, and original saltwater species such as redfish and striped bass. Several Texas lakes are now producing striped bass weighing over 30 pounds!
Along the Gulf Coast some 250 different species await lure or bait. Among the most popular are redfish, speckled trout, king and Spanish mackerel, wahoo, bonito, bonito, tuna, sailfish, marlin, pompano, flounder, grouper, jewfish, red snapper, sheepshead, and drum. Many taken from beach, jetty or pier.
All persons intending to fish in Texas are recommended to obtain a current copy of the free pamphlet, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Outdoor Annual, from the Texas Parks&Wildlife Department in Austin, Texas. The guide provides seasonal dates, size, bag and possession limits, and special provisions of fishing laws. Licenses are sold at most sporting goods and trackle stores, discount department stores, and Park&Wildlife Dept. offices. All annual licenses are valid from September 1 through the following August 31, no matter when purchased.
A fishing license is required for all nonresident fishermen over 17, except senior citizens of Kansas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma. Residents are required to have a license unless they are under 17 and older than 65. Saltwater stamps and freshwater trout stamps are not required for those who are exempt from fishing licensee.
The list of required stamps is the following:
- resident, annual;
- resident, temporary;
- nonresident, annual;
- nonresident, temporary;
- saltwater stamp;
- freshwater trout stamp.
The cost depends on the duration of the license and stamps; annual one is cheaper than the temporary one. Licenses and stamps for nonresidents are more expensive than for residents of Texas. The costs are subject to change without notice. So it is better to check them beforehand.