Mentioned first in the eighth century, Erfurt experienced its earliest growth mainly due to three factors: it was superbly located at the intersection between two ancient German routes; it was an important trading center with commercial links and the royal palace was located within the city. The largest city in Thuringia is distinguished by a number of unique features, including the Church of St Severus that has now become emblem of Erfurt. In addition, the city boasts an excellent infrastructure in terms of ICE rail, Erfurt airports and motorway links so that it is recognized today as a meeting point in the center of Germany. At the same time, Erfurt is ranked with the oldest and most developed cities in the country that boasts a rich history and exciting future.
Erfurt travel introduces you to the two churches that symbolize the city: the Severikirche and the Mariendom standing side by side and forming together the emblem of Erfurt. Both churches are accessible via open stairs. Among other remarkable sites is the Krumerbricke - a bridge that crosses the Gera River. Constructed in 1325, it is covered with buildings and a church.
For many visitors Erfurt travel is associated with the birthplaces of many world-renowned personalities, notably Max Weber, Johann Ambrosius Bach and Meister Eckhart. From 1505-1511 Martin Luther lived as a monk here. Colorful history, great cultural traditions and economic success have attracted a number of important people to the city. In the twelfth century Erfurt was frequented by Emperor Frederick I, who stayed here on at least six occasions. In the late thirteenth century King Rudolph I resided at the royal court in Erfurt.
While enjoying Erfurt travel don't miss out on the opportunity to visit some of its cultural festivals. Each year the Church of St Severus provides the historical setting for creation of the ideal back-cloth for the international theatre events. In summer the cathedral steps form stage for beautiful theater performances which attract visitors from all over the world. Among the world-class performances that have already been staged here are Claudel's version of St Joan of Arc, Bernstein's Mars, Carmina Burana by Orff, and the Fairy Queen by Purcell. The unique combination of medieval setting with the use of modern techniques along with drama, dance and music creates a charming atmosphere bringing spectators in the world of imagination. Parts of the city's cultural scene are also such international festivals as the Danetzare festival of folklore and the Synegura puppet theatre festival.
For art lovers Erfurt travel is first and foremost a perfect chance to visit some of the city's renowned museums and galleries featuring a wide variety of exhibits and examples of traditional and contemporary art. Each year, there is a museum open night, when you can visit all museums for the price of one ticket. The city's theatres offer a wide selection of premieres to suit all tastes. The Kaisersaal, the historical ballroom in Erfurt is now a cultural center featuring a program of select events.