Cuernavaca is the capital city of the state of Morelos, Mexico. Founded seven centuries ago, Cuernavaca has been a retreat for Mexico City residents since before the colonial times. The city's big attractions are its climate and proximity to the capital. Located 45 minutes from Mexico City, Cuernavaca is known as 'the City of Eternal Spring' due to its perfect climate conditions with an annual average of 20°C.
Cuernavaca is a modern tropical city that hosts a score of scientific research institutes, seventeen universities and a number of diplomats, businessmen and officials. Among the famous residents were Erich Fromm, Diego Rivera, Carlos Fuentes, Helen Hayes, Malcolm Lowry, Ivan Illich, Gabriel Garcia Marques, Barbara Hutton, Rufino Tamayo, David Alfaro Siqueiros. The city abounds with gardens, tennis courts, golf courses, bathing resorts, hotels, and shops with traditional handicrafts, antique bazaars and restaurants. Within a 40 kilometer radius sports like water-skiing, fishing, hunting, horseback riding, and mountain climbing can be practiced.
For entertainment a plenty of nightclubs, bars and discos is arranged in Cuernavaca. Cuernavaca has also been established as an international learning centre devoted to Mexico's language, culture and history. There are many historic architectural complexes in Cuernavaca. On the corner formed by the streets of Hidalgo and Morelos a huge and spectacular cathedral, including the former convent of Asuncion de Maria (1529-1552), is situated.
Another example is Palace of Cortes. It was constructed in 1533 over an Indian temple and used as the summer residence of conqueror Hernan Cortes and his successors. Today this building has become the Cuauhnahuac museum that offers a general vision of Morelos regional history. The pyramid of Teopanzolco, one of the best examples of the Early Aztec twin-stair pyramid type, is also worth seeing. Teopanzolco was an Early Aztec site that was apparently abandoned during the Late Aztec period (AD 1350-1521).
The Brady Museum, a historic centre of Cuernavaca, exhibits one of the finest collections of art in Mexico. Robert Brady (1928-1986), a painter and designer, assembled this rich mosaic of styles and epochs. This collection includes Mexican colonial furniture, paintings, sculptures from Africa, the Americas, Oceania, India, and the Far East. To be seen are major works of art by Rufino Tamayo, Miguel Covarrubias, Maurice Prendergast, Marsden Hartley, Milton Avery, Graham Sutherland, and Frida Kahlo. Frida Kahlo (1910-1954), the brush of the anguish, was run over by a bus at the age of 16 and began to paint during her laborious convalescence.
Cuernavaca is a point, from which many tourist attractions can be easily reached. Cuernavaca is also known as a resort where both Mexicans and foreigners come to relax and enjoy a clean air and incomparable climate. This casual city attracts people looking for the sun for creative or intellectual strivings. Here they can find cultural stimulation and spirited conversations.