Damascus - one of the most ancient cities of the world and most ancient of "operating" capitals.
The Old city, kept places before antique a lay-out is unique, in its territory some tens the most interesting cultural-historical and architectural constructions - Medieval madrasah and the markets, a basil St. Zaharii, reconstructed later in mosque of Omejad (VIII century) - the largest mosque in the world, with unique mosaics from the gold smalto, made on the same technology, as "solar" mosaics of Ravenna, p John Krestitelja's chapel (it prophet Jahja in Islamic tradition) where the head sacred, Direct street, underground church St. Ananiy is stored, a tower of Bab Kisan are located.
In a separate premise at a mosque are stored hairspring from a beard of prophet Mohammed and Hussein's head - the son of the fourth "just" caliph Ali. Palace Kasr Al-Azem - a residence of the governor of Damascus (XVIII century), one of the best samples of late Islamic architecture, a favourite place of shooting of films on historical subjects. Bimaristan - hospital and medical academy of medieval Damascus, nowadays-museum histories of medicine with rare exhibits.
Mausoleum Salah a hell-dyne - a tomb of XII century where ashes of the legendary sultan who has begun exile of crusaders from the Arabian East is based. Seida Zeynab - a tomb of the grand daughter of prophet Mohammed, the daughter of caliph Ali, Seida Rukiya - a tomb of the grand daughter of caliph Ali, daughter Hussein, Khan Asaad-pasha - the biggest and magnificently trimmed caravan-shed of Damascus, with well-known on all East market Hamidija and the largest market of spices Bzuria. A cemetery of Bab ass Sagir where tombs of many known characters of Islamic history were kept: Bilyalya the Abyssinian - the associate of prophet Mohammed and the first muezzin an islam, the well-known scientist Al-Farabi and others. National museum in Damascus - assembly of unique exhibits of ancient civilizations from Mesopotamia up to Phoenicia, a collection of a provincial ancient art, reconstruction of a synagogue from Efrats' cities Silly woman Europos (III century) With unique frescos for time for a theme of antiquated legends.
A military museum in Damascus - one of the richest collections in the world of the ancient and medieval weapon. With this city even connect history of life Avraam - mosque Djammi Kikan at which construction the stone block with hittite the letters, served by a key is used at decoding hittite I, an antique dam in Harbak - the majestic construction served for creation of artificial lake in desert. The citadel of Damascus which is being on a high artificial hill - the best sample Arabian medieval ôîðòèôèêàöèîííîãî architecture. And about Damascus steel and to speak there is nothing. A museum of Damascus - impressing exhibits from excavation of ancient Mesopotamic cities, a plenty of sculptures and the bas-reliefs once decorated a portal of an imperial palace in Aramaic Guzan.
The area around of Damascus where in small territory it was kept over hundred settlements concerning to IV-VI to centuries is unique, the some people in so good condition that seems as if owners have left them recently - apartment houses, basils, farms, monasteries, watchtowers, tombs of the most various form, public buildings, olive press, Damask silk factory, etc. are Most interesting Serdjilla, Rueiha, Barad, Shensherah and Maez.