Recollecting 70 years of the last century, involuntarily there are in memory an old big player of long-playing record disks with wooden case, book shelfs on all room completely filled by these disks - " gramophone records", and also the tape recorder with kilometers of a magnetic tape for listening hits of those years. Also the arsenal of the music fan of the last century was really those.
There is a wide discrepancy of tape recorders in subsistence, from small hand held devices to large multi-track apparatus. This multi-track technology enabled the upgrowth of modern art musical harmony and one such artist, Brian Eno, enacted the tape recorder as "an automatic musical collage device".
The magic world of music is deep and diverse. To list great masters of various musical genres and we can enumerate it very long: Deep Purple, Abba, J. Tall, C. Dion, composers and musicians of classical music, great magicians of a jazz and blues compositions to mention all simply is not possible.
Presently it is the extremely difficult to satisfy increasing needs of modern music fans who do not wish to leave their idols for a minute within day where they would not be - in a wood, in mountains, by the sea and a beach...
The fulfilments of modern technologies of keeping custody and copy of the musical information give free rein to music-lovers all over the world to change their glances on development of musical industry. Fundamental process has begun with using video "Laserdisc technology" in the year of 1970, the researchers of concern "Philips" began experiments with "audio-only" optical discs, initially with wideband frequency modulation FM and later digitized PCM audio signals. In declining of the 70s years, "Philips", "Sony", and other companies introduced exemplars of digital audio discs.
In 1979 "Philips" and "Sony" determined to join compulsions, setting up a brigade of technicians whose mission was to project and elaborate the new digital audio disc. After a year of experimentation and discussion, the brigade generated the compact disc standard, which was named the "Red Book". "Philips" company advanced the general manufacturing process, based on the video Laserdisc technology. "Philips" also contributed the Eight-to-Fourteen Modulation, EFM, which proposes both a large playing time and a high elasticity against disc damage such as scratches and fingerprints; while "Sony" contributed the error-correction method, which was named in abbreviated form as CIRC.
The Compact Disc stretched out the market in late 1982 in Asia and early the following year in other markets. Two years later, in 1985, the CD-ROM (with read-only memory) was interposed. A CD-ROM is a flat, metal plastic disc with digital information encoded on it in a spiral from the center to the outside edge. In general, audio CD discs are separate from CD-ROMs, and CD players proposed for listening to audio cannot read the data on a CD-ROM; though personal computers can generally read audio CD discs. In an effort to produce composite discs containing both data and audio new type of CD was developed. And it was called Enhanced CD disc with the capable of being played on a CD player, with possibility read data and video on computer too.
With this revolutionary innovation it was possible to scatter huge amounts of computer data in exchange for digital sound. A recordable CD for data storage, or simply CD-R, was elaborated in the early 1990s, and it became the standard "de facto" for exchange and archiving of computer data and music. In 2004 the yearly worldwide sales of CD-Audio, CD-ROM, and CD-R obtained about 30 billion discs.
To tell the truth, it is highly hard to put into practice smooth transfer of music-lovers from traditional methods of refinement of music information to new high microprocessor technologies. Modern music fan must know many technical data, in order to gain profits from digital musical devices.
So, the standard CD-ROM can contain 650-700 megabytes of different digital information. An audio CD disc consists of several stereo tracks, which are stored with utilization of 16-bit PCM coding at a sampling rate of 44.1 kHz. Prefabricated compact discs have a diameter of 120 mm, though 80-mm versions exist in circular and "business-card" forms. The 120-mm discs can contain 74 minutes of audio, and versions holding 80 or even 90 minutes have been elaborated. The 80-mm discs are used as "CD-singles" or "business-card CDs". They hold about 20 minutes of audio.
If you visit music section of supermarket near your home, and you try to select a new compact disc, and you see a three letter code printed on the back side of CD, you must know that letter "A" stands for analog type of information and letter "D" stands for digital. The first letter illustrates how the album was recorded, and the second represents how it was mixed, and the third how it was transferred. As a result, almost all early CD discs are "AAD", and it means - analog recording and mixing, digital transfer to CD disc. Frequently this code was escorted by a short description such as "Full Digital Recording" for DDD and "Digitally Mixed Analog Recording" for ADD.
For the first time digital recording of classical and jazz music began to be made commercially in the early 1970s, by Denon Japanese company. In USA the first 16-bit PCM recording was developed by Thomas Stockham at the Santa Fe Opera in 1976 on a Soundstream recorder. These and other posterior unmixed digital recordings are still described as DDD, as the technology involved is purely digital. The first digitally recorded music composition was "Bop Till You Drop" by R. Cooder, recorded in late 1978. It was unmixed, being recorded straight to a two-track 3M digital recorder in the studio. Henceforward many famous artists, for example, S. Wonder, were very fond of digital recording. Wonder used digital technology in 1979 for his album "Journey through the Secret Life of Plants". Also, I want to mention producer George Martin, who former "Beatles", and used digital mixing to eliminate the artifact and noise when he utilized analog devices. Then we can remember "Tusk by Fleetwood Mac" - an analog recording that was digitally mixed in 1979.
By the time the compact disc was popularized worldwide, digital recording and mixing was becoming platitude among recording artists and producers. But there is no limit to perfection and technical progress is not necessary on a place - show must go on !
So, in 1991 world musical community took a closer look at two new suggestions. The first was Musicam (known as Layer II), and the second was ASPEC (Adaptive Spectral Perceptual Entropy Coding) with resemblances to MP3. Musicam was chosen due to its simplicity and error robustness. A working group around K. Brandenburg and J. Herre took ideas from Musicam and ASPEC, added some of their own ideas and created MP3, which was designed to achieve the same quality at 128 kbit/s as MP2 at 192 kbit/s. MP3 format was designed to greatly reduce the amount of data required to represent audio, yet still sound like a steadfast reproduction of the original uncompressed audio to most listeners. MP3 also refers to sound files stored in the "MP3" format on personal computers. K. Brandenburg used a CD recording of S.Vega's song "Tom's Diner" as his first model for the MP3 compression algorithm. This song was chosen because of its softness and simplicity, making it easier to hear defects in the compression format during reproduction.
In 1994, on July 7 the Fraunhofer Society published the first software MP3 encoder. The filename extension ".mp3" was chosen by the Fraunhofer team on July 14, 1995, as i know, previously, the files had been named ".bit." With the first software MP3 player Winplay3, which was released in September 9th, 1995, many people were able to listen for MP3 songs on their own personal computers straight at home.
In the first half of 1995, MP3 files began prospering on the Internet. MP3 popularity was mostly due to the successes of global concerns and software utilities like Winamp, MPG123, and Napster. Those programs allowed the most users to playback, create, share, and collect MP3 songs without any troubles. Availability some hundred songs on one disc can satisfy any far-fetched fancy.
For the best purpose to enjoy all preferences, which are given with new format MP3 it is very wholesome to buy a digital audio player. It is a device that stores, categorizes, sizes and plays digital music files. Besides that, digital audio player hold a reproduction of many additional file formats, such as Windows Media Audio (WMA), and Advanced Audio Codec (AAC).
There are three main types of digital audio players:
MP3 CD Players - They can be used to play audio CD discs and handmade data CD discs containing MP3 songs or other digital audio files.
Flash-based Players - These are solid state devices that hold digital audio files on internal or external media, such as memory cards. These are low-storage devices, confining from 128MB till 1GB, which can be extended with additional memory. Similar players are integrated with devices, which are including USB ports.
Digital Jukeboxes - devices that read digital audio files from a hard drive. These players have higher capacities, ranging from 1.5GB till 100GB, establishing on the hard drive technology.
Producers of audio - technics and musical editions have responded on fundamental innovations in sphere of reproduction of music at once. It is possible to get new CD players in any supermarket or department store. CD players can be found in home stereo systems, car audio systems and personal computers, and are also available as portable devices.
So the opportunity to change the collections of music is given to music fans, to buy music cd with products of famous music legends. When you buy music cd, you get songs of your idols in better quality of sounding on more modern data carriers, which allow to store at the small sizes considerably a lot of the written down musical hits. When you buy music cd in license shops you receive firm guarantees of qualitative production and hi-tech sounding of musical compositions.
If you wish to buy music cd of your famous musician, and such are not present in shops of your city, the Internet will come to the aid. In the Internet there are huge quantity of sites where it is possible to buy cds, buy mp3. Such Internet - show-windows work very professionally, delivery is carried out in the shortest terms practically worldwide. You should find simply the necessary album by means of search system and to fill the registration form. And after a while the long-awaited CD disk will fill up your collection.
For example, your favorite music legend is Pharoah Sanders (who was born on October 13, in 1940). He is a US jazz saxophonist. Sanders was born in Little Rock, in the state of Arkansas, and he was named as Farrell Sanders. He began his creative searches playing tenor saxophone in Oakland, California. Sanders arrived to New York City in 1962. And there his friend and colleague Sun Ra gave him majestic nickname "Pharoah". He came to projection playing with John Coltrane's band in 1965. In 1994 he arrived to Morocco to meet and work with master Gnawa musician Maleem Mahmoud Ghania.
And you know Pharoah's discography very well:
Izipho Zam, (1969)
Karma, (1969) -- features "The Creator Has a Masterplan"
Deaf Dumb Blind (Summun Bukmun Umyun) (1970)
Live at the East, (1971)
Journey to the One, (1980)
Heart is a Melody, (1982) -- features live version of John Coltrane's "Ole"
Welcome to Love, (1990)
Your dream is to buy music cd Deaf Dumb Blind (Summun Bukmun Umyun) (1970) , but you can't find it in your town. Let's use search opportunities of the Internet, and the information for search is:
"Deaf Dumb Blind is an album by the American jazz saxophonist Pharoah Sanders. It was recorded at A & R Studios in New York City on July 1, 1970, and released on Impulse Records in the same year. The album's title says: "Summun Bukmun Umyun" is Arabic for "Deaf Dumb Blind". The phrase "Summun, Bukmun, Umyun" is retired from the Sura Bakara of the Qu'ran. The album is "predicated on spiritual truths and to the future enlightenment of El Kafirun". The performances on the album demonstrate powerful ascendancy of African folk music.
After learning about main skills of modern Internet search engines and after quarrying mp3 files from global cyber net, you can organize in your own room digital electronic bench and realize the dream, use new opportunities of information multimedia technologies, make one more step to global information integration of the person and all world community as a whole.