Bullfighting occurs in most Spanish speaking nations including Spain, Portugal, France, Mexico, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela and Bolivia. For Spain the bullfight is a tradition that the country recognizes on a national level. Recently more and more tourists from all over the world come to see the show. But without a very good level of Spanish it is almost impossible to explain or find out which tickets you wish to buy and to understand what is happening on the arena. For this reason before going to corrida it is highly recommended to look through the main bullfighting terms and concepts.
The most important bullfighting term names are:
Toro - bull
Plaza de toros - bullring
Corrida - A Bullfighting show (one of the most popular bullfighting term names)
Matador - star bullfighter
Torero - bullfighter (general term applicable to any person who engages in the ultimate death of the bull)
Picador - lancer (on horseback)
Banderillero - bullfighter (on foot) who inserts barbed wooden decorated sticks into the bull´s neck muscle
Rejoneadores - horse-mounted fighters
Traje de luces - suit of lights (colourful sequined suit worn by bullfighters)
Veronica - a type of pass whereby the cape is drawn over the bull´s head while the man holds a posture. (There are many bullfighting term names used for defining moves, which makes reading an article in the press on bullfighting rather esoteric)
Novillos - a novice bullfighter is called a novillero and fights not in a corrida, but in a novillada with young bulls (novillos)
Muleta - a small red cloth stretched over a stick (Palo)
Capote - the red cape
Paseillo - the parade of fighters at the beginning
Espada - the matador's sword also called the ESTOQUE
Puntilla - a dagger that is stabbed into the base of the bull's skull
Puerta grande - the main door to the arena
Gradas - highest seats at the back of the ring (cheapest seats)
Barreras - front seats
Sol/Sombra Sun/Shade - the choice as to where you sit
The full list of the Bullfighting term names may be found on the http://www.mundo-taurino.org/
The bullfight is divided into three "tercios". Before the first one begins, the bullfighters have to parade around the arena in a very emotive walk called the "paseillo".
The first "tercio" is called the "tercio de varas", in which the bullfighter faces the bull for the first time with the cape in order to study its movements for the successive charges at the bull. In this "tercio" the "picador" weakens the bull with a lance in order to make a more equivalent fight. Meanwhile, the "matador" makes beautiful and different passes with the cape such as: veronica, chicuelina, faroles, gaonera...etc.
The second "tercio" is the "tercio de banderillas". In this part the "banderilleros" sting the bull with a small lance called "banderilla" on the top of its back. This is a very spectacular moment, in which the "banderilleros" meet the bull head-on in a very brave pass.
The last and most important "tercio" is the "tercio del momento supremo". In this special moment the bullfighter has to make the "faena" with the "muleta", usng a variety of brave and beautiful lances to prepare the bull for the most exciting and dangerous moment of the show: the bull's death.