Borneo was the main site of the confrontation between Indonesia and Malaysia between 1962 and 1966. nowadays politically Borneo is divided politically into the Indonesian provinces of East, South, West and Central Kalimantan, the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak and he independent sultanate of Brunei Darussalam.
The island historically had extensive rainforest cover, but the area is shrinking rapidly due to heavy logging for the needs of the Malaysian plywood industry and also multinational companies such as Mitsubishi take their share. One half of the annual tropical timber acquisition of the whole world comes from Borneo. Furthermore, palm plantations are rapidly encroaching on the last remnants of primary rainforest.
Brunei, being the smallest but at the same time the richest country not only on Borneo, but practically on the globe is covered with rainforests with more than 70 % of the island.
The remaining Borneo rainforest is the only natural habitat for the endangered Bornean orangutan. It is also an important refuge for many forest species, which are typical of this part of Borneo only (like the Asian Elephant, the Sumatran Rhinoceros and the Clouded Leopard).
Thank to small size, perfect roads and highly developed tourism industry, Brunei offers a best opportunity for admiring its wonderful nature in comfortable and safe environment. As the global center of eco-tourism Borneo, especially its Bruneian part, turns to be the very paradise for people of al ages and views.
But do not think, that beautiful scenic nature is the only sight in Brunei`s Borneo, the country has a lot to be seen and all Brunei attractions are hard to even enumerate.
Brunei visitors may plunge into the life of local inhabitants of Borneo, who live in pile-houses without any change in routine for more than a century. This is Kampong Ayer village, cultural and historic pearl of Borneo. Muara province is the administrative centre of Brunei with the capital Bandar Seri Begawan and its attractions Istana Nurul Iman, the Sultan's magnificent palace with 1788 rooms, brought to the Guiness records Book. Banquet hall for four thousand people, Jerudong Park -a huge complex with a polo stadium, a golf course and trapshooting and croquet facilities, National museum are mustsees.
White-sand beaches and mangrove jungle, abundance of fish and underwater beauties are worth crossing the Indian ocean and coming to Borneo. The better way is to use Royal Brunei airline, serving not only local but international destinations as well. Regular flights to all capitals of Asia, New Zealand, London and Frankfurt make international communication much more easier, and if you visit Brunei`s part of Borneo transitionally for no more than three days, no need to think of visa beforehand, you `ll be given it in the airport. And within those three days maybe and will find some time for a horse ride, sunbathing on the purest beaches and like Borneo so that there`ll be no wish to rest anywhere else.