Beautiful and challenging Tokelau islands

Today, the Tokelau Islands are very picturesque coral atolls, consisting of one hundred and twenty seven small islets, so tiny that you may easily glance over all of them and never miss the least detail. The atolls are decorated by reefs and palm trees, pandanus trees and kanava trees and surround a beautiful lagoon with submarine volcanoes underwater. However, the future for the Tokelau Islands depends on the height of the ocean, and perhaps by the end of the 21st century they will disappear from the world map.
the Tokelau Islands are located in the South Pacific Ocean, midway between New Zealand and Hawaii. The nearest neighbor of the islands is Samoa that lies four hundred and eighty kilometers away to the south. The Tokelau Islands consist of three coral atolls - Atafu, Fakaofo and Nukunonu, which surround a spectacular lagoon that has submerged several submarine volcanoes. Each atoll is made of numerous smaller islets, totally there are around one hundred and twenty seven of them.

A Tokelau Islands travel is rather an adventurous and challenging activity. It takes about thirty six hours to reach the islands from Samoa and due to the absence of a safe harbor, a cargo ship anchors offshore and the passengers are transferred via small boats and dinghies to the seashore. Anchoring offshore is difficult and dangerous and even the islanders are prohibited to travel independently between the atolls.

The life on the Tokelau Islands is simple and slow-paced. The locals go fishing and grow some crops, organize sport and art contests between the villages and visit churches on Sundays. This is practically all they do, plus snorkeling, diving and relaxing under palm trees. The wildlife consists only of mosquitoes and bugs, rats, lizards, visiting seabirds and domestic pigs and poultry.

The Fakaofo, made of sixty two islets, has the biggest population of around five hundred and eighty people, inhabiting approximately four sq km of land. It has three churches and plenty of fresh water, which is uncommon to the other Tokelau Islands. The  appropriate for living land is so tiny that the inhabitants of the Fakaofo have to breed their pigs on the reef.

The Nukunonu is the largest of all Tokelau Islands with twenty four islets with the total area of four point seven sq km; it also has the largest lagoon at ninety eight sk km and is blessed for numerous pandanus trees used for weaving.

The Atafu is the smallest of all atolls with forty two islets of three point five sq km and its lagoon is seventeen sq km. The Atafu is distinguished among three atolls for a great number of kanava trees, an excellent building material. Thus, the village on the Atafu has more traditional houses built from kanava.

Tokelau's tropical climate brings average temperatures of 28?C year round and a heavy, but irregular, rainfall, often up to 80mm per day. Due to the global warming, tropical storms are becoming more frequent, and cyclones have caused an extensive damage in recent years.

In 2005, the Tokelau Islands were severely damaged by Cyclone Percy. The cyclone stayed long in the area and caused the very serious erosion of several islets of all three atolls; it damaged roads and bridges, electric power and communication systems as well as wiped out much of food crop.

The scientists consider that the Tokelau Islands could be uninhabitable by the end of the 21st century as well as the islands could disappear underwater, as they are very low-lying (the highest point is five meters above the sea level). The future for the Tokelau totally depends on the height of the ocean.

the other problems are a dense population, poor economy and lack of resources and provision. A large number of Tokelauan people live in New Zealand and support their family in Tokelau. The modest natural resources and the overcrowding result in emigration to New Zealand and the population declines considerably every year.
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