Attica is a peninsula located in what is today southern Greece. In addition to Athens, it contains within its area the cities of Piraeus, Eleusis, Megara, Laurium, and Marathon, and well as a small part of the Peloponnesus peninsula and a few more islands. The Attica peninsula lies at the south end of Cape Sounion where the famous Poseidon Temple is the most visited attraction. Athens has developed and spread out in the Attica basin to the point that it has become one with the port of Piraeus where the suburbs have spilled out to the basin itself.
There are also hills in the middle of the basin. These include Tourkovounia, Lycabettus with the white chapel of Saint George at its summit and a theater bearing the same name, Ardittus which lies above the Stadium and where the judges of Hellaia took the oath during antiquity, philopappou Hill, the hill of the Nymphs where the planetarium is located above the magnificent Thesseio Temple, the Pnrx Hills, and many other hills that are smaller. Among these hills are the one that not only glorified Attica but the rest of the Greek world. and became the symbol of the western civilization and the rock of the Acropolis. The Acropolis Hill so called the Sacred Rock of Athens is the most important site in the city. The scared rock on which the Attica Acropolis is perched is over 500 feet high and its columns have withstood the power of the elements for more than 2500 years.
The whitened stone of the remains may appear authentic but in actual fact during the time of the Golden Age of Pericles when the Parthenon, the Propylasia, The temple of Athena, Nike, and the Erecitech were the columns was added and painted themselves in bright even gaudy colors. The various the various monuments at the Attica Acropolis complex reflect the successive waves of occupation which Athens has endured. Ancient Greek temples to the Goodness Athena have become Christian churches. But, despite the demise of the Ancient Greek civilization, it is the architectural ruins that has grabbed the attention of the imagination and continues to bring millions of people from around the world to Athens.
The most important monuments on Attica Acropolis are the Parthenon, the Eechtheion, the Temple of Athena, Nike, and Propylaea. The Parthenon is the most important and characteristic monument of the Ancient Greek civilization and still remains its international symbol. It was built between 438 and 447 BC and the structure is peripheral and has eight columns on each of its narrow sides and seventeen columns on each of its long ones. The central part of the temple is called the calla and shelters the famous Chryphaletine cult statue of Athena created by Pheidias.
The monumental gateway of the Attica Acropolis, the Propylea was designed by the architect Mnesikles and was constructed from 432-437 BC. It comprises a central building and two lateral wings. The Acropolis and its surrounding monuments were amazing during their heyday, but today they are also really something to see.