The Algerian National Democratic Republic, the state in Northern Africa, on which to not lead excursion without Algeria travel guide. In the Arabian language sounds as Al-Dgezair ("islands"); this name is obliged by the occurrence to small islands near to capital, a seaport Algeria. About 4/5 territories of the country the desert Sahara borrows.
In the north Algeria is washed by Mediterranean Sea, in the east borders on Tunis and Libya, in the south with Mali and Niger, in the West with Mauritania, Western Sahara and Morocco. About 8 century Algeria is a part of the Arabian West ( Magrib ). About 16 century the country was under authority of Ottoman Empire, and in the middle 19 century has been borrowed by France. Seven-year war against the French board has come to the end with declaration of independence of Algeria in 1962. Passing in the north along coast the mountain circuit of Tell-Atlass is cut with not numerous bays and plains.
Lowlands around Algeria cities Algeria and Oran are densely populated. Small gulfs are used for fishery, export of iron ore and oil. The Tell-Atlas towers above sea level more than on 1830 m and includes files Tlemsen, Greater and Small of Kabiliya and Medgerda. At average heights there are bushes of the Mediterranean type and a wood of pith oak. On higher marks there is no time cedar and pine woods grew, but as a result of cuttings down, fires and falls out of cattle many mountain areas have turned to the heathland covered by a bush. With Algeria travel guide you will know that a climate - Mediterranean, with hot, dry summer and in the warm rainy winter.
In winter the snow covers only the highest tops. Disorder of mid-annual quantities of deposits - from 760 mm at coast up to 1270 mm on the slopes turned to the sea and less than 640 mm on its internal slopes. The southern part of Tell-Atlass represents a high plateau in average height of 1070 m. This area is characterized half arids by climatic conditions with annual quantity of deposits of 250-510 mm. In more humidified areas cultivate grain and a grass an alpha which fibres serve for manufacturing ropes, fabrics and a high-quality paper. Hydrochloric lakes (named shott) and saline soils meet on lower marks a dry climate.
Algeria travel guide show you how the Atlas located further away to south Saharas' rises on height of 150 m above a level of a plateau and then goes down to Sahara more than on 300 m. the Most raised part of Sahara's Atlas are ranges Ksur, Amyr and Uled-Nail. The annual quantity of deposits on northern slopes makes 510 mm, on southern - 200 mm. Owing to plentiful grassy cover Sahara's Atlas serves as convenient area for cattle pasture.
Other part of the country is borrowed with desert Sahara. An average mark of height in Sahara - 460 m. In area of file Ahhagar (Hoggar) near to southern border of Algeria there is the highest top of the country mountain Tahat - 2908 m. the Most part of Sahara borrow two different deserts, and approximately 1/4 part - sandy deserts . In the afternoon it is hot, at times the temperature reaches 35, but nights cool. Deposits the extremely rare. In oases, in conditions of a constant irrigation, the date palm tree grows. In Algeria all some rivers have a constant drain, the others eat due to deposits. Also Algeria travel guide show you that as sources of water supply the wells dug in dried up channels of the rivers serve, in many places the underground waters acting on a surface through artesian chinks and foggar - the horizontal tunnels dug under a small bias are used.