There are many causes of women's infertility. The most frequent involve reproductive organs diseases, endocrine gland diseases, hypogenitalism, malposition of reproductive organs, tumors, sexually transmitted disease, weight and age, etc. A woman's infertility is considered to be a primary one, if she was never pregnant. And it is considered to be secondary one if infertility is defined after parturition or a spontaneous abortion in the past.
The most frequent cause of primary infertility is a lack of ovulation. The secondary one usually occurs as a result of uterine tube changes (a great stenosis) or inflammatory processes. Uterine tubes patency diseases exclude the possibility of a fusion of spermatozoon with ovum.
Before starting infertility treatment it is necessary to define its cause. A woman can conduct some research on her own. For instance, a regular measurement of temperature during 2-3 months.
To define the cause it is necessary to visit any corresponding medial centers that are specialized in infertility. A treatment is usually very long, so it is necessary to arm yourself with patience.
Infertility preventive care includes infectious diseases prevention during childhood and pubertal period, inflammatory disease prevention and exclusion of abortions. It is especially dangerous to have an abortion of the first pregnancy that quite often occurs to be the only one. A woman should keep the sex hygiene and care about gonorrhea prevention. To prevent unwished pregnancy it is necessary to use up-to-date contraception methods.
One of the main infertility risk factors is gonorrhea. It is an infectious sexually transmitted disease and caused by gonococcus, that affects a mucous layer of uterine neck and other mucous tunic. It is the most widespread sexually transmitted disease. It is registered in more than 250 millions of people who suffer from it annually. The human body temperature is the most favorable for its reproduction. A gonococcus is spread by blood and infects many organs.
Usually infected people do not know about it because its symptoms are not obvious. Its inflammation is spread from a uterine cavity to uterine tube. Mucous layer of uterine tube becomes thicker and swollen. Then small adhesions occur. As a result of disease development an obstruction in uterine tube appears and there is no possibility for spermatozoa to reach ovule. It causes infertility.
Infertility risk factors include the age as well. The possibility to give a birth to a healthy child is reduced by time. At the age of 20 - 24 a woman organism is well prepared for a reproduction. At the age of 25-30 there is a decay of the function. At the age of 30 - 40 the decay is greater. At the age of 45 a chance is minimum. The ideal age for men is 24. A decay occurs at 45. But a men reproductive ability can be remained at the age of 70 and further.
Infertility risk factors are different in different countries and different groups. Infertility risk factors include also the environmental conditions, diets, genetic factors, etc.