It is interesting that the first disease of nutritional deficiency was Scurvy, and approximately in 1720 fresh fruits or vegetables was found as a treatment of the disease. In 1757, a physician of British navy, whose name is James Lind, proved that consumption of lemons and oranges could obviate the Scurvy disease. After that case as a result of J Lind's work, and James Cook scurvy-free voyages, who had taken over those principles, in 1804 the British navy made it mandatory to issue limes or lemons ration to sailors, who arrived from "Limeys." Since that time there were many investigations of vitamin C and diseases.
Afterwards it was recognized that vitamin C (or how it is called in medicine - Ascorbic acid) was the cure or treatment for Scurvy. Vitamin C is sugar, which everyone can find in various plants, and especially it concerns citrus fruits. Ascorbic acid commonly has the hexuronic acid form in these plants. Ascorbic acid is transformed to dehydroascorbic acid, after that it is involved in reactions of oxidation-reduction in the human body. In contrast to vitamins of the B complex, vitamin C doesn't act as a cofactor.
The scurvy symptoms are caused by the fact that vitamin C is indispensable for the maintenance and formation of collagen and intercellular substance. This is very important for us because everyday our blood vessels basis is subject to a great deal of tear and wear. As a result of the process, when the arteries transport blood, which is pumped by the heart and the pressure is high, small rents and tears occur. We have those arteries in our body and especially arteries that are in our brain and heart are necessary to our primary longevity and health. When any wound occurs, collagen is a basic element for the formal renewal of these tissues.
You should know that in scurvy there is substantially a significant "or" total absence of Ascorbic acid and the results and diet are significant enough. Vitamin C and diseases like heart stroke are connected principles. It commonly influences the blood vessels and large bone in the body; teeth loosen as a result of dentin, which is ingested and our gums become less protected and bleed rather easily. The human skin and tissues are also objects of bleeding and extravasations. This may easily occur even after a little injury in a full-blown scurvy episode.
Vitamin C usually is used to treat and prevent scurvy disease as good as a big number of other disturbances (vitamin C and cancer, vitamin C and kidney stones), and even several dental diseases. Nowadays scurvy disease isn't a major problem. Nevertheless, do you know, what happens when the diet has a vitamin C deficiency or shortage? Do you know what happens when vitamin C intake is not sufficient and that's why Ascorbic acid can't provide necessary support to the human body which is needed to cure the vessels of the arteries injuries in the human brain and heart? The answer is a heart stroke or attack.
Everyone should know enough information about vitamin C and diseases, because when someone knows enough about vitamin C and diseases, he or she can avoid such severe diseases as heart stroke, cancer, and kidney stones.
Eat an orange and stay healthy.