The history of such a kind of operations is rather long and the number of conducted operations as well as the need in organs or different tissues is growing constantly. In general at first we should give a definition for the word 'transplantation'. Transplantation is the operation while which some organs or tissues are placed from one part of the body to another. Sometimes organs and tissues are placed from one body to another. In such cases people classify transplantations from dead donors and from live donors.
In cases with dead donors most frequently we come across transplantations of heart and some other organs which cannot be transplanted when a person is alive. In cases with live donors very often such organs as skin, lung, kidneys are transplanted as they are pared or big organs or sometimes organs or tissues that easily regenerate. In such types of organ transplant one person can be a donor even for several times, for example while blood transplantation.
As it has already been said there are a big number of different types of organ transplant. The most popular are autograft and allograft and xenograft. Now it is high time to tell about these types.
Allograft is the case when transplantation takes place from a genetically non-identical member of the same class. While autograft transplantation is made from one person to the same. And at last xenograft is transplantation of tissues or some organs from one species to another. Also such types of organ transplant are known as transplantation of lungs, bowel, blood, knees, trachea, and larynx and so on.
The number of organs being transplanted is constantly growing and is probably equal with the speed of general medicine development as well as of surgery innovations. Sometimes even cartilages and some other tissues are transplanted. It should be also said about the history of organ transplantation. The first attempt of transplantation was made in 1870 by Swiss surgeon Jacques Reverdin.
After him a great amount of surgeons tried to cope with such a difficult task as organ transplantation and in most cases such attempts were rather successful. It can be said that organ transplantation has survived till today's time and is increasingly developing. But it can also be said that there are some problems in different types of organ transplant.
Sometimes it happens so that the organ being transplanted is not able to regenerate in a new place and makes the situation even worse. In most cases such a kind of operations is rather expensive and also we can say about rather strange fact that with the course of time the number of people who are to come across such an operation has grown greatly.
Nevertheless, transplantation is rather successful and popular nowadays. Thousands of people become volunteers and become donors of their blood even several times a year not because it is needed by their relatives or friends but to help unknown people. Some people ask to use their organs for transplantation after their own death to make certain profit for somebody even after death.
Various types of organ transplant have their special features and difficulties while being conducted . Nevertheless, medicine does not stop its development and also concerning such a branch or surgery as transplantation. Millions of people take place in this process and in most cases this is the only way to prolong somebody's life and rescue somebody. The attitude to such operations is very different.