Tubal ligation description can be put briefly in one single sentence: it is the female sterilization procedure, which involves closing the woman's fallopian tubes. By doing this tubal ligation prevents the female egg from reaching the uterus after it has left the ovary. Another of its important functions is stopping the sperm from fertilizing the egg, as the semen doesn't even reach the fallopian tube.
There are a number of ways in which tubal ligation can be performed. There are the options of cutting, burning the fallopian tubes, blocking them with rings, clips or bands. The surgery starts to be efficient right after it was performed. Mention must be made of the important fact that the contraception failure rate of tubal ligation is very insignificant and is about 99.5 per cent. However, although blinded by the striking efficiency of the method, one can't turn a blind eye on the fact that tubal ligation doesn't provide any protection against the sexually transmitted diseases.
Generally speaking tubal ligation is considered to be quite a simple operation. It can be performed in a clinic, at the hospital or at the doctor's office. General or local anesthesia may be used to perform the operation. Laparoscopies or mini-laparoscopies are the most widely used tubal ligation techniques. However, there are other techniques, which are just as efficient, for instance, culpotomy, hysteroscopy, laparotomy, hysterectomy and culdoscopy. While selecting the procedure for female sterilization one has to keep in mind the benefits and risk of each of them.
Needless to say that the best decision is the one made from a well-informed perspective. Therefore it is crucial that you learn all about this or that particular technique and have all of your questions answered by a specialist. It may take a long while before the surgery is actually performed after you have requested it. While you are waiting you could resort to the help of other contraception methods. It might be problematic for young women without children to find a doctor who would be willing to perform the tubal ligation operation on them.
After the surgery is done, it is advisable that the woman ahs plenty of rest for a couple of days and only performs light activities. There are no restrictions as to when the sexual activity can be re-started. It is entirely based on the woman's desire. Normally, the woman is comfortable and ready in a week. It is strongly forbidden to put anything in the vagina for about two weeks after the surgery.
This will eliminate the risk of infection. Tubal ligation description touches upon the tubal ligation risks, which include first and foremost ectopic pregnancy. Put briefly, this term stands for the anomaly when the egg grows and develops outside the woman's uterus. Should this occur, immediate surgical action has to be taken. Other tubal ligation risks are the following: bladder infections, abnormal bleeding.
There is a possibility of the woman experiencing post- tubal ligation syndrome, which is accompanied by such symptoms as painful periods, the absence of periods or mid-cycle bleeding.