As the medical history shows, ten per cent of the thyroid tumors are malignant. The thyroid cancer development doesn't depend on the person age. The average period of the thyroid between cancer development and its treatment is from five to ten years.
There is a thyroid cancer classification: T - primary tumor and it is situated only in the thyroid; T1 - the tumor has the size till one centimeter and it is situated only in the thyroid; T2 - the tumor has the size till four centimeters and it is situated only in the thyroid; T3 - the tumor has the size more than four centimeters and it is situated only in the thyroid; T4 - the tumor has any size and this tumor is not only in the thyroid.
The main difficulties in the modern diagnosis are in that fact that the cancer can exist for a long time in the form of other disease. Mainly, it is difficult to diagnose on the early stage.
During the thyroid cancer treatment the main question is if a patient needs the operation or one should recommend other kinds of the treatment. Also it is important to confirm or not to confirm the thyroid cancer. A doctor has to decide what methods and in what sequence they should be used in order to make the medical examination enough economical and that every patient would use it. The approach to the thyroid cancer treatment must be complex.
The thyroid cancer types are the following:
- Benign tumors
- Malignant tumors
- mixed tumors
- Secondary tumors
- Swellings which look like tumors
During the thyroid cancer treatment and in dependence on the thyroid cancer types the following methods are used: an operation, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, combined (when the operation is combined with the radiotherapy till and after it) and complex (the radiotherapy, the operation) and methods. The peculiarity of the thyroid cancer operation is in its high danger because it can make harm to the patient health. It is known that there are twenty complications, which appear before and after the operation. So, the doctor has to inform the patient about possible complications. The operation is the most effective treatment methods.
During the operation usually a part or the entire thyroid is cut out. The thyroid cancer treatment has one peculiarity - it is possible to treat metastasis. Usually it is done with the help of iodine. Its usage allowed improving the treatment results. When there are popular thyroid cancer types usually radiotherapy, chemotherapy are applied.
Thus, the thyroid cancer is found on the early stage with big difficulties. But there are some ways of its treatment. They are an operation, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, combined and complex methods. The radical treatment is the operation. But one should not forget about the complications after the operation. Before making a diagnosis the doctor must analyze everything. The results of the treatment of the thyroid cancer types depend on the stage and right approach. All the patients in Stages I, II and III manage a full recovery, with IV stage - eighty-seven per cent of patients are able to rehabilitate.