Thoracic Organ Transplantation has evolved as a standard form of therapy. The related branch of medicine has gone through much experiment based experimentation of this area before it reached a certain stage where it could be said that thoracic organ transplantation could be performed professionally. The first heart transplantation to be performed person to person to ever be performed was in 1967 when Barnard, who was an outstanding figure in the field of thoracic organ transplantation introduced his own heterotrophic technique of performing an operation. Thoracic organ transplantation is a general name for a number of operations such as heart transplantation surgery, lung transplantation surgery, and a combination of heart and lung surgery is also possible. This possibility was first discovered in 1981 when professor Reitz with his colleagues performed a successful operation of a heart and lung transplantation at Stanford University.
Thoracic organ transplantation is a very widely spread and common medical practice worldwide. The statistical data clearly testifies to the fact that the technique of performing an utterly complex transplantation surgery has been mastered by many professionals already. This can be accounted for by the fact that the medical equipment and medically applied substances that are available today are particularly advanced and the experimental basis that doctors now can freely take advantage of its roots that started a century ago. It should be useful here to dwell briefly on the experimental background of thoracic organ transplantation.
An account of the experiments of Guthrie and Carrel should be explained as well as Professor Demikov's experiments from the former USSR. They carried out experimental heart transplantation surgeries in an attempt to find an alternative place for a heart to be implanted such as a thorax or neck. The numerous studies carried out in this field have contributed greatly to the formation of a well informed perspective for further advances in this field.
In the course of progress of the relevant field of medical studies and practice it has been determined that practically every case may require a certain amount of modification to the main pattern of the procedure of thoracic organ transplantation. For example, in the event that a child or an infant is to be operated on, it is necessary to take into careful consideration the possible birth defects and other disorders that may affect the course of the transplantation as well as produce a negative effect on the course of the recovery period.
It goes without saying that heart transplantation surgeries as well as all other thoracic organ transplantation surgeries are a very complex venture indeed and if all the possible precautions can be taken, the share of the risk involved is still rather great. But, at the same time, what should encourage heart patients with serious health conditions like Idiopathic Cardiomyopathy, Coronary artery disease, and other diseases is the hope of a long life with the outcome of a successful operation.