Sterilization, in general, refers to a surgical technique that leaves a man or a woman not capable of procreating. It is one of the birth control methods.
Sterilization in males is called a vasectomy. The short vasectomy description is as follows: the vasa deferenia which are tubes that are connected to the testicles and the prostate are incises and closed. This procedure prevents ejaculated sperm fluid that is by and large created in the prostate and seminal vesicles from containing sperm created in the testicles.
A vasectomy must not be confused with castration: a vasectomy in fact doesn't exclude the testicles and it doesn't effect the production of male hormones which is mainly testosterone or the secretion of such hormones into the bloodstream. As a result, sexual desire, also known as the libido, and the capacity of having an erection and the orgasm with the ejaculation is not affected. For this reason, the sperm itself forms a very small percentage of the ejaculation, the affects of the vasectomy doesn't affect the appearance, volume, flavor, or texture of the ejaculation.
When the vasectomy is done, the sperm can no longer exist in the body through the penis and it appears that they come into the bloodstream by entering the blood testes barrier. In general, the barrier maintains the immune system apart from the reproductive system. When this barrier is affected by a vasectomy or injury, the two systems cooperate. This normally results in the growth of anti sperm antibodies for male sterilization effectiveness and safety.
Early vasectomy failure rates are lower than one percent but the success of this procedure and complication rates vary depending on the experience of the surgeon caring out the procedure and the technique used during the surgery. Early complications like infection, hematoma, sperm granulomas, and congestive epididymitis is between one and six percent of males undergoing vasectomy surgery.
The occurrence of chronic epididymal soreness isn't documented correctly. Both animal and human statistics show that the vasectomy doesn't amplify atherosclerosis and that raises the circulation of complex systems of immunity following a vasectomy having a transient nature. The high level of the evidence concerning testicular and prostate cancer suggests that males having a vasectomy are not at greater risks of having those cancers.
Although a late failure is very uncommon it has been reported and documented.
A vasectomy is by far the most effective contraceptive method in is among the safest chances for family planning. The correlation of vasectomies and tubal ligations globally is roughly 3 out of ten with huge variations among nations. In the United Kingdom, for instance, a vasectomy is more popular than a tube ligation.
Those couples that choose a tube ligation do so for some of the following reasons that include: The refusal of the male to go through with the vasectomy because of the fear of potential side effects. The convenience of combining the procedure with a delivery at the hospital is a great compromise.
On the other hand, couples that choose to have the vasectomy are encouraged by other thing such as:
- The fear of the surgical treatment in the female
- People know men who have undergone the procedure and are please with the results
- The simplicity and lower costs of the vasectomy
- The lower death rate for vasectomies.