The super-senior cups arose in the XIIth century in France and were popular in circles of the French aristocracy down to the time of the Great French revolution.
Since 1920, the professional tennis players earned money, acting in competitive matches of super-senior cups before the public who paid the right to watch the game. Within 40 years professional and amateur tennis have been strictly divided - as soon as the player became "professional," he had no more right to act in amateur tournaments. However, in 1967, the LTA
decided to put an end to division of super-senior cups and balanced in the rights of amateurs and professionals in the tournaments. In 1968, the international federation of tennis, having overcome unwillingness, ratified equal rights of tennis players. The Open era in modern tennis began when all players had the right to act in any tournaments, and the best tennis players were provided the life with competitions.
The super-senior cups for a long time have been widespread mainly in the English-speaking countries - Australia, Great Britain, the USA. It was also popular in France where since 1891 the Open championship of France was carried out. Four of the largest tournaments - the Wimbledon tournament, the Open championship of the USA, the Open championship of France, and the Open championship of Australia (it has been carried out since 1905) became the most prestigious in the queen's cup. They have got the name "The Tournaments of the Big Helmet" - the term taken from gambling a bridge. To win the Big helmet means to win all of these four tournaments during one season. It is the prime target for tennis professionals.
In 1954, James Van Alain based the International gallery of honor of tennis (International Tennis Hall of Fame) - a museum located in Newport, Rhode Island, on a place of the first Open championship of the USA. There is plenty of exhibits, which embodies the history of tennis development, and a gallery of great tennis players and people, who have brought in the contribution to the development of sports. In 1986, the gallery was officially recognized as the International federation of tennis.
The well-known tennis players of bitsy grant cup are numerous. With approach of the Open era and occurrence of federations of tennis worldwide, tennis has received development in different parts of the world and has lost image of sports for exclusive classes of the English-speaking countries. The shone players from Germany (Boris Becker, Steffen Columns), former Czechoslovakia (Ivan Lendl, Martina Navratilova), Sweden (Born Borg), Russia (Eugenie Kafelnikov) and many other countries became heroes of youth.
Among the greatest players of the Open era, we can name Jimmy Connors, John Judokas, Smith, Borne Borg, Stefan Edberg, Jim Curie, Andre Agape and many others. Among women, the most famous names are Chris Avert, Martina Navratilova, and Monika Sales. Many legendary players existed in a history of tennis and prior to the beginning of the Open era. Any of the mentioned tennis players could compete with modern players.