Genital herpes is usually called herpes. It is a viral infection transmitted through sexual contact. The contact may involve the genital, vagina or mouth skin. It is through microscopic tears that the infection gets to mucous membranes. The virus travels to the roots of the nerve situated near the spinal cord and settles there forever.
Some time later the person has a herpes outbreak. The appearance of the outbreaks tells about the functioning of the immune system. If a woman has a suppressed immune system she has such outbreaks more often and they last longer.
Speaking about genital herpes, it is necessary to mention that the disease has an incubation period lasting from 3 to 7 days. During this period the person has no any symptoms and genital herpes cannot be transmitted. When the outbreak forms, it starts with tingling and itching, which is followed by the redness of the skin. At last the blister appears. The blisters are followed by ulcers. Both of these formations are painful to touch. They last for 7-14 days. The time when the virus is especially active is from the time of itching to the stage when the ulcer is healed.
It is necessary to say that only in 80% cultures of blisters on early stages show positive results for herpes virus. It means that 20% of women have false negative diagnosis. The women think they do not have the virus. If the result of the culture is positive, it is a very reliable result. After initial outbreaks, the outbreaks may repeat every week or only years later. Sometimes women can have only the initial outbreak and do not have the recurrence.
Genital herpes have received a wide coverage recently. It is believed that about 60% of sexually active adults are infected. It can be explained by the fact that most women have no symptoms of genital virus. The common symptoms of itching, blisters and ulcers are not always present. Some women can have minimal discomfort and mild itching. Sometimes it happens that the longer the woman has genital herpes the fewer symptoms she has.
There is no cure for genital herpes, though there is cure for the outbreaks. The common medications of genital herpes treatment are acyclovir, valacyclovir, famciclovir and various ointments that help reduce the pain of the outbreaks and even their period.
Genital warts description is as follows. Genital warts are also called venereal warts or condylomata acuminate. They are the most vivid sign of genital human papilloma virus (HPV) infection. Nevertheless a lot of people may have HPV infection without genital warts. In women genital warts usually occur on the inside and outside the vagina, on the cervix, on the uterus or near the anus. Men usually do not have genital warts. If they have, the warts are seen on the top of the penis. It is also possible to define warts on the scrotum, on the shaft of the penis and on near the anus. Genital warts can develop in the mouth of the person who had oral sex with the infected person. Sometimes there is no need in genital warts treatment because the warts disappear by themselves. In case you suspect genial warts, you should consult the doctor.