The actual problem of modern stomatology is to avoid sensitivity of firm tissues of teeth. Now, one of the actual problems of modern stomatology is the increased sensitivity of firm tissues of teeth. According to epidemiological research, from 3 up to 57 % of the adult population suffers form increased sensitivity of firm tissues of teeth. There hasn't been a successful treatment for this issue until now.
The reasons of dental hyperesthesia are connected to development of defect of dental tissues (abrasion, erosion of firm tissues of teeth, wedge-shaped defects) more often. Recession of the gums and an exposure of parodentium promote the exposure of cement of the root and, as consequence, to increase of sensitivity.
The problem of sensitivity has led to creation of a new class of the complex preparations directed on its elimination. Now preparations which action is directed on elimination of dental hyperesthesia (special toothpastes) have appeared on the stomatologic market. The clinical efficiency of preparations of the given group, many doctors of practice came to opinion, that they are very effective and good for wide use. As a rule, just 10 minutes after application, patients notice the full absence of painful sensations or at least a significant decrease.
People wish to avoid sensitivity and stand in a line of the actual problems of modern stomatology. According to different authors, this condition causes discomfort in 45-60 % of all adult population and more than at 85 % of patients with pathology of parodentium. Clinical importance of elimination of this problem at patients consists that hyper-sensitivity is the important part in a pathological chain of diseases. And don't forget to avoid hardbristled toothbrushes.
The primary process and the increased sensitivity diseases results in the impossibility of adequate hygiene of the mouth, amplified formation of a dental strike and activation of inflammatory processes. On the other hand, it is necessary to avoid sensitivity as hyper-sensitivity can arise in result of gum recession, promoting fast pathological processes in parodentium. In any case, it is impossible to avoid sensitivity without high-grade therapy of parodentium diseases.
As we see, it is not enough to avoid hard-bristled toothbrushes. The essentially active components for elimination of the increased sensitivity of firm tissues of teeth divide into two groups: the preparations interfering carrying out of a nervous pulse and obtruding the dentinal canaliculus. The structure of special toothpastes for removal of the increased sensitivity should contain components of each of these groups. The circuit of elimination of hyper-sensitivity is those that a primary task is the fast and effective removal of a painful syndrome provided with potassium and prolonged desensitizing action by narrowing of dentinal canaliculus gleam.
Elimination of the given problem is carried out in various ways with a rational sequence in the systematic circuit. The application of chloride in special toothpastes is the most effective way. The chlorine is characterized by less molecular weight in comparison with other used substances.