Egg donation candidates are selected carefully. After different tests, the woman should perform a special ovary specialization with hormone medications in order to increase the fsh hormone content. Women with elevated fsh levels will produce multiple eggs that will be used for fertilization.
The donor egg is a subject that raises many ethical, social, judicial, and medical arguments. The women, for whom the only option is to find some egg donation candidates and to take the eggs from them in order to become pregnant, are faced with not only medical but also difficult psychological problems.
Women apply to use donor eggs in a number of cases. First, when they fail to produce their own eggs, they suffer from a lack of oocytes, or don't have enough oocytes for fertilization. The reasons for this is that menstruation stopped at early ages or that they were over forty years old when their body can't produce enough quality eggs. Sometimes, it is connected with the anomalous development of follicles or when the ovaries have been removed due to a surgical operation. The risks of spreading various genetic diseases may also be one of the reasons that women resort to getting the help of egg donors.
Sometimes, it is very difficult to find the right egg donation candidates. Every clinic provides women with anonymous egg donor services. The couple may choose the donor that is recommended based on their own particular needs. But, they can't even see a picture of the candidate; they know everything but the personality of the candidate. Anonymous donation allows for the protection of the donor and the family and to reduce the possibility of the egg donation candidate and the future child having a relationship.
The disadvantage of this method may be the anxiety of the patients about the genetic information that will be transferred. But, in most cases, the donors are fully tested then selected; therefore, the chance of having a problem is minimal. The recipient has the right to choose egg donation candidates that are close to her neighborhood. It may be a sister or a close friend of the woman. The donor and the recipient can be behave under these circumstances that they are responsible for the same project and the familiar donor usually feels a stronger affection for the potential child in comparison to an anonymous one.
In accordance with ESHRE, Task Force of Ethics and Law, and ASRM, the American Society of Reproductive Medicine, that are responsible for these issues, egg donation candidates must undergo many medical examinations and pass many tests: tests for infectious and venereal diseases, physical tests, psychological tests, genetic evaluations, as well as their general state of health. And, they often go to the psychiatrist for consultation. Only women with healthily reproductive functioning and no problems with their general health and genetic situation may become potential donors. The procedure of their ovary stimulation helps them to produce the eggs. Some woman has high fsh levels that are able to give more than one healthy oocyde.
Today, the egg donation program is very famous and considered to be successful. The demand for oocytes has been increasing and it has been difficult to locate qualified eggs and healthy egg donation candidates.