One of the most popular and available procedures among cosmetic surgeries is facelift procedure. The typical patients of facelift procedures are men and women with the problem of sagging neck but if their skin is elastic and bones are still strong enough to be renovated. Often facelift procedure clients are at the age of 40-60. But today's technologies make it possible to have successful operation even after 70 - 80 years old.
All facelift techniques provide the effect of refreshed look and young appearance. But sure the patients should realize that effect is just visible and unfortunately it doesn't work from inside restoring the health.
New technologies and skillful surgeons provide safe operation running and minimize possible facelift procedure risks but it is still difficult to preview the individual reaction of organism that can be represented as hematoma, nerve injury, different infections or unexpected reaction to the anesthesia. Side effect will depend on health history and patient's lifestyle. For instance the smoking addiction can influence poor healing process. By following all surgeon's facelift indications it is possible to avoid any risks and problems.
According to the facelift definition this procedure is very individualized operation that needs very thorough previous examination, even detailed bone and skin test is necessary. There is also big variety of possible facelift procedures so it is preferable to determine from early beginning the purposes the clients expectations that influence the certain choice of facelift procedure type.
During the preparation stage the surgeon collects data about the medical conditions of patient health. High blood pressure, clotting problems can cause the after operation complications.
During this stage the patient keeps a special diet prescribed by the surgeon (including drinking, eating and smoking instructions). The patient is to be ready to give up smoking at least for a week before the facelift procedure and one week after the operation. It is proved that smoking chases blood flow towards the skin that can cause interfering to incision area.
Mostly the facelift procedure is performed under the anesthesia (local) and using the sedative agents to make the face insensitive. However the feeling of discomfort can be present. Some clinics prefer classic general anesthesia. The procedure time is 2-4 hours. The place of incisions is not of fundamental importance that means it depends on the structure of the place and cosmetic surgeon's individual technique. In general the physician detaches the facial skin from the fat and muscles. The fat is separated for improvement of contour. After removing the excess skin the surgeon place the skin back tightening the muscles and membrane. The secure of tissues placement is usually performed by the means of stitches that serve also for incisions closing. Sometimes during the operation the surgeon prefers to use drainage device placed under the skin near the ear. The recovery process takes about 7-10 days depending on the complexity of operation.