Long hair breakage can be longitudinal and cross-sectional. Longitudinal splitting concerns the ends of your hair. At first, longitudinal and cross-sectional fragility is present at knotty fragility. Fragility of hair and idiopathic trichomycosis is caused by cross-section fragility. All these illnesses cause long hair breakage generally in one way - fragilities of hair. A question remains as to whether all these diseases are independent illnesses, or only different forms of one illness, but it cannot be solved yet.
With long hair breakage, the hair is always dry, without its normal shine and slipperiness because of hypofunction of the sebaceous glands. Also, with long hair breakage, it is possible to distinguish two forms: symptomatic and self-existing. The first one results in a leathery type of skin, on various places on the head, with excessive oils. It can be caused by other diseases (tuberculosis, syphilis, anemia, etc.), the consequence of irregular hair care, resulting in an excessive degreasing by such things as hard water, an alkaline soap, frequent washing, etc..
The Idiopathic form seldom occurs, and it is so named probably because because the causes are yet unknown. Splitting of hair happens frequently enough, and almost exclusively on women with long hair. However, it was also observed in the long hair of men, too, in particular, in the hair of a beard. It is common for people that have dry hair. Long hair breakage causes involves all kinds of hair, and only some people among do not suffer with it. The ends of the hair is split longitudinally, usually in two, less often on three, and rarely on many parts, and it begins to look like a brush.
This problem can occur not only in the core of your hair, but it can exist in the roots of your hair simultaneously with the atrophy of a bulb. The long hair breakage factors include fragility of hair because of excessive dryness. Sometimes, the formation of splitting hair can be promoted by simple things - like a sharp comb, or, a too rigid brush, etc.
Knotty fragility of hair is clinically characterized by the occurrence of hair bundles. With this disease, light (on dark hair) or dark (on light hair) fine, dense, translucent bundles appear at different distances from each other on a core of hair, usually on its external third.
These bundles occur in various quantities on different hair, and some hair will be completely normal. Macroscopic bundles remind one of nits. However, it is distinctly visible, that these bundles represent expansions of a core of hair, which has been longitudinally split in these places.
The majority of authors explain the occurrence of knotty fragility of hair in connection only with mechanical reasons - such as the rough grinding of hair, rubbing it where there is visible changes of the physical and chemical properties of hair. Confirming this theory, some have noticed that the occurrence of knotty fragility of hair occurs where the hair is more exposed to being rubbed, by leaning against furniture, chairs, etc.