Occupational therapy is a treatment of different physical or psychical diseases through occupying the patients with certain types of activity. This method allows invalids being constantly busy with occupational therapy jobs. In this case they achieve full independence of other people in all aspects of life. Occupational therapy jobs are chosen to use the abilities of every person completely. It is also necessary to pay attention to individual necessities and addictions of the patient. There are a lot of types of occupational therapy jobs.
They are making products of wood and metal, potteries painting and other decorative home crafts, housekeeping, different social attainments for people with mental diseases and active leisure for the old. In occupational therapy sick people are also taught how to use mechanical means of transportation and adaptation to home life. Occupational therapy is an active method of repairing and keeping one's health. It can recover people to their usual social life.
Ergo therapy is the synonym for occupational therapy. This epithet is used in Germany and France. The term "occupational therapy" is understood as social adaptation or social rehabilitation. Nowadays an occupational therapy is a very important social method which allows combining efforts of health authorities and social service.
Education through play is given a great attention in field of social rehabilitation of children with limited abilities. During a game children learn to mix with each other, to make a choice and to make independent decisions. The only fact that they do something together with other people, enthusiasm, feeling of enjoyment and satisfaction has important therapeutic effect. However it should be remembered that failed try or misapplication of occupational therapy can make much harm to reinforcement process.
It should be underlined that every social technology cannot function without society support, so voluntary movement is highly developed. A special department which works with volunteers functions in social service. This department offers occupational therapy vacancies.
Young people take care of children who have limited abilities, and adults who have any deviations in their psychical and physical development or with juvenile delinquents. Being unsolicited assistant of children with limited abilities volunteer not only alleviates their life but also helps them to return into society. A lot of social workers embark upon a career with the work in voluntary corps. One of the achievements of voluntary service is recruitment of young people with limited abilities as assistants. The main task of an occupational therapy assistant is to help patients to accomplish programs which was elaborated for them by occupation therapist. Besides the assistant should watch correctness of patients' execution of occupational therapy jobs. It is also necessary to fix positive behaviour modifications.