Therapeutic action of an electric current began to be applied widely in medicine at the end of the 19th century. However, now in dermatological procedures, gynecology, urology, proctology, cosmetology, pediatrics and surgery more than ten various electro surgeries are used. There are some basic kinds of electro surgery: galvanizing, electrophoresis, faradization, inductization, electro puncture.
The method of galvanizing is based on application with the therapeutic purpose of constant electric current of small force (up to 50mA) and low pressure (30-80 V). At application of the given method blood circulation and permeability of blood vessels improve, metabolism is accelerated, there is an activation of phagocytosis and local anesthesia is observed. Given electro surgery usage is rather wide at hemorrhoid surgery. This technique is included in the complex program of traditional therapy of hemorrhoids. However, now electrophoresis is more widespread.
Electrophoresis is characterized by combination of simultaneous influence of direct current and certain medicinal substance. Influence of medicinal substance on an organism at given electro surgery usage considerably becomes more active. The method of electrophoresis is widely applied in pediatrics, gynecology and at treatment of various skin diseases. However, at use of this method in dermatological surgery there are some contra-indications. To a number of the most widespread contra-indications concern purulent diseases of skin and inflammatory processes of epidermis, infringement of integrity of integument and raised sensitivity of skin to electric current.
In medicine the use of alternating current of low frequency refers to faradization. At the use of the given method the basic influence appears on functioning of nervous tissue. At given electro surgery usage supply of nervous cells improves by nutrients; excitability of nervous cells is reduced and the regenerative ability of all kinds of nervous tissue rises.
To one of the most effective kinds of electro surgery it is possible to attribute inductization. Inductization is based on application with the medical purpose of variable electromagnetic field of high frequency from 3 up to 30 MHz. At the application of the given procedure there appears stimulation of metabolism, normalization of the sugar maintenance in blood, improvement of capillaries permeability and normalization of blood structure. Inductization is widely applied at various hemorrhoid surgery and dermatological surgery. The basic indications to use of the given method are purulent diseases of skin, hypoxia syndrome of integuments and inflammatory diseases of skin and mucous membranes.
Many experts mark that electro puncture concerns to a number of the newest and the most effective methods of treatment. Electro surgery usage on the certain points of human body promotes activization of nervous pulses and improvement of blood circulation in sick bodies. The method of electro puncture is based on influence of an electric current of high or low frequency on some points of body.