The testicular cancer diagnosis and early detection are possible on the early stage of the development. There are the following risk factors of the testicular cancer development: - the age - in the most cases the testicular cancer symptoms appear at the age of fifteen to forty ears old. But the tumor appearance takes place at any age, including babies and old people.
- When a man has a testicular cancer, there is a high risk that it will appear among his brothers.
- The professional activity - miners, firemen and some others have the high risk of the testicular cancer appearance.
- Birthmarks: some kinds of them which are on the back, chest and on the face are the factors of the cancer development.
- AIDS: if a man suffers from the AIDS, he has a high risk to get ill with the testicular cancer.
- Race: the probability of the testicular cancer development among the white Americans is higher in five-ten times in comparison with Afro-Americans. Men from Asia and America have the low risk of the cancer development.
- Body type: the highest risk is noticed among tall and thin men.
So, as it has been said, the testicular cancer early detection is possible in the most cases because of testicular cancer symptoms and it makes a man to go to the doctor. In some cases the tumor doesn't have symptoms till the time when the tumor becomes big. Sometimes the testicular cancer early detection is found during medical checking-up during other diseases such as sterility.
There are the following testicular cancer symptoms:
- Appearance of the tumor in the scrotum. It happens very often.
- Pain in the belly or in the scrotum
- Hair growth on the face and on the body till the period of pubescence
- Pain in the back. It is the most popular testicular cancer symptom.
Are there preventive measures of the possible testicular cancer? White race and presence of the testicular cancer in the family are the main risk factors of this disease development. None of this fact must not be prevented because they are present during the birth. But many men don't have any risk factors. So, because of these reasons there are not any ways of the preventions. And men can only do themselves a favor by undergoing regular check-ups with their doctor; with the aim of the testicular cancer early detection.
There are three methods of the testicular cancer treatment. They are operation, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Often in dependence of the tumor stage two or all three methods are used. The survival of sick men depends on the stage of the tumor, but in general, it is usually ninety per cent.
During the making diagnosis a doctor says to the patient about risk factors and testicular cancer symptoms. Also the doctor examines testicles. Analyzing all of this his diagnoses.
Thus, if a man goes to the doctor in time it is possible to find the testicular cancer on the early stage. But there are some complications after the treatment. They can last for some months or they can be constant. The side effect of this treatment may be sterility. But usually in two years the ability to have children comes back to the man.