Periodontal diseases, diseases of gums, bone tissue that support teeth, are infectious diseases which are the main reason for teeth loss with adults. According to the gobal statistics up to 90 per cent of people older than 35 years suffer from gum diseases. As far as they proceed without pain and that slowly enough, a man may not even suspect the development of periodontitis. So, let`s get to know about the most widespread symptoms of gum diseases.
If you find out that you have one of the following symptoms, get in touch with a periodontist, because it may have complications in the future. The first symptom develops in bleeding gums. Gums look red, swollen and painfully sensitive. Thus swollen and tender gums should also be taken into consideration. Later on gums can lower themselves, exposing tooth roots, your teeth will seem longer. Other symptoms can also be symptoms of gum diseases: not fresh breath, pus excretion between teeth and gums, loose teeth, shifting teeth once bitten, a shift of dentures. Remember that early stages of periodontitis proceed without pain. If you find out symptoms of gum diseases you should have your teeth diagnosed.
For a long period of time diagnostics has remained a weak link in periodontics. Duration and inconvenience of usual methods (manual
reconnaissance with a needle) often led to that a periadontist was involved only when a disease had proceeded late stages. Computer aided techniques have changed the situation. They give detailed and fast diagnostics without which the effective treatment of periodontitis is impossible. If symptoms of gum diseases have led to the destruction of gum tissues and bones, a simple cleaning is not enough to stop the infection. In this case a periodontal scaling relieves.
A periodontal scaling is a more complicated and lengthier procedure than a professional cleaning. The scaling removes the patch from dentogingival areas. In addition, root polishing is carried out, which helps gums recover and join teeth again. Unfortunately, a usual ultrasound scaler can't manage with the scarf lying deeper than five millimeters. Some sophisticated devices can penetrate 11 millimeters deep that is necessary for the treatment of periodontitis in most cases. Its influence is based on cleaning properties of ultrasound, but the vibrations produced by the device are strictly arranged and directed along the tooth surface. It makes the procedure more comfortable.
For the effective treatment it is necessary to remove all semi-destroyed tissues and recover the bone base of the tooth. If the processes of inflammation and destruction reached the base of the tooth it can be treated surgically. As far as during such an operation, it is possible to reach the deepest areas and remove the focus of inflammation and destruction. It makes this cleaning very efficient. During the operation a local anaesthesia is applied. Gums recover completely in a few days. A surgical operation is the last remedy, but the only one sometimes. The earlier you begin to treat periodontitis the more chances you have to avoid it.