A few of us have ever come across such a kind of surgery as stereotactic one and it is not strange. This surgery type has appeared not very long ago to be extremely spread and used. Nevertheless, this kind of surgery has its own history and has made a great contribution into the whole sphere of medicine and of course of surgery. It must be said that that the history of stereotactic surgery and formulation of stereotactic surgery main components began in 1908 at the University College London Hospital.
That was the invention of British scientists as it is understandable of course. And there is no doubt that the first experiments were made with the help of animals. And that was a great success. During certain period of time the development of this surgery began to increase and some years later it was decided to try such an operation with people. The results were also rather successful and the development is being stimulated up to this day.
"What is stereotactic surgery and what are stereotactic surgery main components?" - you are supposed to ask. And we have the answers on these questions. In general it is useful and necessary to give the definition for stereotactic surgery: this is a kind of operation when three-dimensional technique and certain special small targets are used for entering inside different organs. Such a kind of surgery is very useful as in some cases it is impossible to get to the needed place in some organ of the body with the help of any other instrument of technique.
In such a situation stereotactic surgery is the best decision to cope with the problem. Stereotactic surgery is used in different cases. Frequently it is used for different kinds of injections, implantations, removal of organs or parts of them. It must be added that there exist three stereotactic surgery main components. Here they are: stereotactic atlas and device and stereotactic placement procedure. In the other words it is also called a localization procedure. And all these stereotactic surgery main components characterize the process of the operation very well.
Probably it is high time to tell about the procedure of the operation itself. If the doctor and the patient have agreed to use such a kind of surgery it is desirable for the patient to stay at hospital for some days to be well-examined and prepared for the operation as it is rather serious and complicated. Before the operation the patient is given a certain kind of antibiotics to avoid different infections which can exist before the operation as well as can appear while the time of the operation.
Operation is conducted in special operation room with special equipment for it. It should be said also that such a kind of surgery is conducted without general anesthesia as while the operation the patient is rather often asked to do one or another action to control the right work of the organism and to avoid undesirable mistakes.
In general such operations are considered to be rather complicated but they are rather successful in most cases. Many surgeons and patients tend to such operations as they give certain guarantee of good quality and effectiveness. After the operation the patient is also given some antibiotics again to avoid the appearance of different possible infections.
After some days the patient receives the results of the diagnosis and that is the time for him and his doctor to decide what to do further and which procedures to use again. The price of such an operation is rather high and not in all the countries of the world they are held. But nevertheless the network of 'stereotactic offices' is increasing. More and more doctors tend to such a kind of surgery and try it in their own practice.