Staphylococcal infection is considered to be responsible for food poisoning caused by staphylococcal bacteria. It's not necessarily the result of active infection. According to recent scientific researches, it can be caused by the toxins left in the food due to inappropriate handing or prior to its consumption. Symptoms of this infection include vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, headache, weakness, fever, chills and sometimes dizziness.
Speaking about staphylococcal infection description, it's important to know in Greek staphyle means bunch of grapes and coccos means granule. So, this is a small round and grape-like bacteria.
There are many types of staphylococcal infection. About thirty species. The majority of these infections are completely harmless, they are able to reside normally on the skin surface and mucous membranes of both humans and other organisms. They are found everywhere because these bacteria are considered to be an integral component of the soil microbial flora. However, there are such staphylococci, which can cause a wide range of diseases. These diseases can result either from invasion or through toxin production. For example, food poisoning.
Staphylococcal infection is known to grow faster in improperly stored food or in food with relatively low water activity (for example, cheese). During the cooking process it can be killed, but still be aware that produced toxins are, as a rule, heat resistant.
One of the most widespread bacteria is called staphylococcus aureus (with occasional name "golden staph"). It can live even in healthy people (on the skin or inside the nose). It is able to infect wounds. The mentioned bacteria are considered to have an ability of surviving.
It is able to cause staphylococcal infection ranging from minor skin ones (for example, cellulites, boils or pimples) to abscesses. Thus, staphylococcal infection is usually marked by abscess formation. It is also implicated in toxic shock syndrome (due to tampons development). At the same time, any staphylococcal infection can cause staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome as a specific reaction to the toxins circulating in the human bloodstream.
It's interesting to admit that Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (or MRSA) has recently been discovered by medical experts and considered to be one of the major causes of hospital-acquired infections. It has been recognized by society in increasing frequency lately.
So, staphylococcus aureus is bacteria, which are possible to cause such life-threatening diseases as pneumonia, septicemia, endocarditis and meningitis. According to microbiology of these bacteria, it appears as gram-positive coccus (large, golden-yellow round colonies). It can be differentiated from other staphylococcal infections by the so-called "coagulase test".
also, some attention should be paid to the ways of its prevention. First of all, take proper care of utensils before serving food and wash your hands; all meals must be cooked thoroughly.