Rowing is a race sport in tapered boats (called fine boats or shells), where the competitor sits on a seat above the level of water and faces toward the stern, moving the boat with oars. This could be done on a sea, lake, river, or any large body of water.
Since the topic of this article concerns sport rowing competitions, we will cover the two most prestigious events in the world of competitive rowing: Rowing World Championship and Rowing at Summer Olympics.
It's worth admitting that rowers generally regard the Olympic races as "premier" events and are more concerned about competing in these than at the Rowing World Championships. During the course of Olympic years merely non-Olympic screws participate at the sport Rowing World Championships, which is traditionally held in the end of every season and sanctioned by the FISA. Sport Rowing World Championships encompasses events in 23 different classes of boats.
The first sport rowing World Championships were run in 1962 in Lucerne, Switzerland. The competition then was organized every four years until 1974 - the year when it turned into a yearly event. Since 1996 on, for the period of Olympic Games, the sport Rowing World Championships for juniors are run at the same period.
In 2002, additional rowing competitions were brought in for the following types of disability: A (arms-only), TA (trunk, arms), and LTA (legs, trunk and arms).
Sport Rowing World Championships Venues
2009 -- Poznan, Poland
2008 -- Ottensheim, Austria (August 22-28)
2007 -- Munich, Germany (August 26 - September 2)
2006 -- Dorney Lake, Eton, Great Britain (August 20-27)
2005 -- Gifu, Japan (August 29 - September 4)
2004 -- Banyoles, Spain (July 27 - August 1)
2003 -- Idroscalo, Milan, Italy (August 24-31)
2002 -- Guadalquivir, Seville, Spain (September 15-22)
2001 -- Rotsee, Lucerne, Switzerland (August 19-26)
2000 -- Zagreb, Croatia (August 1-6).
The "premier" event in the world of sport rowing, rowing at Summer Olympics, occurred in 1896. The first year, however, it was cancelled because of bad weather conditions so the sport for the first time was contested at the 1900 Games. Only male athletes were permitted to vie until 1976 Olympic Games in Montreal when events for women were introduced for the first time.
Lightweight races were brought in to the Olympic Games in 1996. Yet, these events came under discussion in 2002 after the Programme Commission of the International Olympic Committee suggested that, with the exception of weightlifting and combat sports, there ought not to be weight category disciplines. The Executive Board refuted this proposal and lightweight rowing events carry on.
At the present Summer Olympic Games the following fourteen boat classes are introduced:
Male: single sculls, double sculls, quad sculls, eight, coxless pair, coxless four;
Lightweight Male: double sculls, coxless four;
Female: single sculls, double sculls, quad sculls, eight, coxless pair;
Lightweight Female: double sculls.