Some Historical Facts Regarding Modern Table Tennis

The game of modern table tennis appeared centuries ago and has since won the hearts of millions. In Japan, modern table tennis made its players the legends of sport and idols of the people! Its developing into a worldwide sport was flash-like! In a short period of time, modern table tennis went to national and international levels and became the most popular game of it's kind of the century.

Modern table tennis used to be considered a game of aristocrats. In fact, in the XIXth century, table tennis was fashionable salon game. The female English elite dressed in long magnificent dresses. Their gallant men put on tuxedos, and the color of the British aristocracy had a good time game in table tennis by balls from strings and feathers or fuses made of wine bottles.

Who knows for sure when and where the first started to play modern table tennis. The greater part of experts considers that modern table tennis appeared in England as a version of royal tennis - amusing game without the certain rules. Then 10 players participated in game (ten - ten), five players on each side of a platform with what an origin of a word tennis is connected.

Modern table tennis was played, as a rule, on open air. Because of unstable English weather, the tennis passed from open air to room. It was difficult to play on wet lawns, and the game for drawing rooms appeared.

In 1894, the English engineer James Gibb invented and adjusted manufacture of celluloid balls. They made a powerful spur in development of table tennis. A ball of ease and elasticity celluloid allowed reducing the weight of rackets in three times weight. The rackets with short handles appeared instead of the rackets with strings. Then plywood was covered with a layer of a fuse to improve the game.

In England ping-pong as sports started developing into a worldwide sport in the beginning of 1900, when the first official competition was carried out. In 1903, the rackets were pasted with rubber that considerably affected the development of technique of game. Moreover, the simple case helped this. Mr. Gaud, the participant of the London tournament, came back home after the games. He had a headache of weariness and he went to a drugstore. There, he had paid attention to a rubber lining for delivery of a trifle. The idea came to his mind. Having bought the rubber, Gaud started to reconstruct his racket. He removed a fuse and pasted rubber from both sides. Next day Gaud won the tournament, having defeated all contenders.

Fast dissemination of table tennis and its fast way to national and international levels led to necessity to create the international organization and to establish uniform game rules. Due to vigorous activity of Doctor George Leman (Germany), the International federation of table tennis ITTF was created in Berlin in January, 1926. Thus, International table tennis appeared in the XIXth century, developing into a worldwide sport. National and international levels of the game soon followed. Ping-pong has wide popularity, and after 1927 when the delegation of the English workers and indicative games had been organized

The most titled player in the world is Hungarian Victor Barn (1911-1972). He became the owner of 15 gold medals of the world championships. The most titled woman is from Hungary. She is Maria Mednjanski (1901-1979). She had 12 gold medals of the world championships. In 1988, the table tennis became an Olympic kind of sports (Seoul, South Korea). The modern game of table tennis is so complex and multi-faceted, that even the most talented sportsmen can hardly beat these records. But players keep trying, as the game has matured and continues developing into a worldwide sport with national and international levels a regular occurrence.

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