Sinus infection causes the inflammation of one or more nasal sinuses. The illness occurs as an obstruction of normal drainage mechanism. The lining of the sinuses becomes red, tender and swollen, the opening becomes blocked, and the sinus is only partially filled with the necessary fluid (mucus or pus). Normally, mucus in the sinuses is known to drain into nasal passages. But when the individual suffers from cold or allergy attack, the sinuses become inflamed and unable to drain. Such a condition can lead to sinus infection requiring professional sinus infections relief.
Be aware that before starting any sinus infections treatment it's necessary to make correct disease diagnosis. As a rule, it is based on the physical examination and history. To support the diagnosis doctors often use x-rays or CT scans.
Sinus infections relief is known to differentiate depending on the cause of nasal congestion and severity degree of the illness. It is a common knowledge any sinus infections relief is aimed at blocking the inflammatory reactions, which cause the sinus infections symptoms. At the same time to eliminate the acute stage of sinusitis infection this will not be enough, therefore antibiotics should be included in the treatment. Sometimes (in the most severe cases) people require hospitalization to get professional care using sinusitis treatment medical equipment.
Thus, antibiotics are the integral part of any sinus infections relief. They should be prescribed of choice. Nasal sprays for sinusitis treatment (or nasal decongestants) can help sinuses drain faster and shrink swelling, but be aware that to avoid rebound phenomenon they can be used no longer than three days.
Sinus infections relief cannot be complete without appropriate home-care. First of all the patient is advised to drink lots of fluids. To keep secretions loose and moist he or she can also use vaporiser or humidifier. A sinus infections sufferer often experiences facial pain with headache, purulent drainage and nasal congestion. To provide relief of this pain the person can make warm compresses to the face. It's necessary to note that in some cases doctors additionally prescribe pain medications (either narcotic or non-narcotic).
It's impossible not to mention that sinus infections relief may differ depending on the disease degree and severity. Acute and subacute sinus infections are best treated with antibiotics. It's important to have them in appropriate doses and between the prescribed intervals. Usually the treatment course lasts two-three weeks. But if the person's condition worsens or has no tendency to improve he or she should consult the health professional. Speaking about chronic sinus infections treatment, it should be said that it usually lasts more than three weeks. It can be surprising but sometimes sinus infections are caused by fungus (not bacteria). That's why before treatment doctors advise to obtain a part of infected material to determine the most appropriate procedures of sinus infections relief.