Some nightgown types include the chemise, also called a smock or shift, is a simple garment worn next to the skin to protect clothing from sweat and body oils. Chemise is the French term. Italians called it a "camicia". The English called the same shirt a "smock" and the Irish called it a "léine" (pronounced LAY-nya). The process of appearance of new nightgown types was accompanied by the appearence of the negligee as a form of womenswear, naughty and nice, intended for wear at night and in the bedroom. It is one of nightgown types; first introduced in France in the 18th Century, where it mimicked the heavy head-to-toe style of women's day dresses of the time.
By the 1920s it began to mimic women's satin single-layer evening dresses of the period. The term 'negligee' was used of a Royal Doulton run of ceramic figurines in 1927, showing women wearing what appears to be a one-piece knee-length silk or rayon slip, trimmed with lace. The word comes from the French 'nēgliger', meaning 'to neglect', 'to disregard' or 'to overlook'. Although the
naughty and nice evening-dresses style of nightwear made moves towards the modern negligee style (translucent bodices, lace trimming, bows - exemplified in 1941 by a photo of Rita Hayworth in Life), it was only after World War II that nightgown types changed from being primarily utilitarian to being primarily sensual or even erotic; the negligee emerged strongly as a form of lingerie.
Modern nightgown types as negligees were often much looser and made of sheer and semi-translucent fabrics and trimmed with lace or other fine material, and bows. Multiple layers of fabric were often used. The modern negligee thus perhaps owes more to women's fine bedjackets or bed-capes, and
naughty and nice up-market slips than to the nightgown. It spread to a mass market, benefiting from the introduction of cheap synthetic fabrics such as nylon and its finer successors. From the 1940s to the 1970s, the trend was for negligees to become shorter in length (e.g. the babydoll of the 1970s). Negligees made from the 1940s to the 1970s are now collectible items.
It is the fashion trends that, in a way shaped the process of development in the sphere of night wear manufacturing and also produced a considerable impact on the materials involved. It seems reasonable that it was partly fashion, that triggered the appearance of naughty and nice night wear, such as peignoir. As a purely bedtime garment, the nightshirt is the successor of an undergarment used by Europeans through the 19th Century. This undergarment was worn all day under outer clothing. At night the outer clothing was removed, and men and women slept in the long shirt-like garment. This smock was longer for women than for men. Upon arising in the morning, the outer garments were again put on. Pajamas or pyjamas (often PJs) work as
nightgown types for those who do not prefer to sleep in their underwear or nude. Pyjamas are usually two-piece garments but may be one-piece garments. They are worn by children and adults alike, although children seem to prefer them. The wearing of pyjamas by adults is sometimes seasonal; e.g., only in winter time. People gradually tended to give their preference to lighter clothes, namely silk pegnoirs and such. In this respect it is absolutely necessary to mention peignoir as one of the most popular nightgown types. Men claim that the main appeal of the peignoir lies in the fact that it can be naughty and nice, sexy and elegant at the same time. Speaking about nightgown types produced nowadays it is safe to say that they are comfortable and elegant, trendy and cozy.