The history of the sclerotherapy procedure counts more than 70 years. From early beginning the technique was developed specially for the improving the problem of ?spider veins?. It presents the process of pouring the solution into the vein in direct vein. It starts the process of vessel lining irritation. The result is fading, swelling and sticking red, purple and blue colored veins located at the areas of thigh, ankles, calves and even face. As any surgery procedure sclerotherapy consists of some strictly planned stages: preparation, an operation and sclerotherapy after care.
Almost all cases need operation performance in the clinic with special conditions. Today almost all cosmetic surgeons prefer the solutions of sodium chlorine sterile, heparin and local anesthesia. The fine needle is used for direct injection into the blood vessel. The overall health history, individual anatomy peculiarities, spider veins location and size factors will influence operation results, duration, sclerotherapy after care and healing process.
Long experience of procedure keeping shows that procedure can cause some discomfort in performed area, cramping effects, etc. Standard procedure takes from 15 to 45 minutes.
The advantage of the procedure is its suitability to almost all categories of patients (the exception is the group of people suffering from AIDS, hepatitis, diabetes, blood circulation and strong heart diseases and some individual circumstances) and comparatively easy sclerotherapy after care.
Sclerotherapy procedure preparing includes some steps:
- avoiding of some previous medications during 7-10 days;
- strongly prohibition for taking aspirins and iboprufen during previous 48 hours;
- avoiding prednisone as one of the sclerosing agents;
- no using lotions;
- application of special compression tape and cotton balls
Planning the process of sclerotherapy after care the surgeon discusses the problem of possible side effects with the clients. The list of negative results includes inflammation, swollen leg onset, small ulcers emergence, red streaking, allergic reactions to used solutions, brown lines and spots emergence, bruising, vein lumping, etc.
The sclertherapy after care is held at home. Often the surgeon prescribes some medicines (or restricts taking some) that ease discomfort of operation area, insists on wearing, of tight-fitting support hose, compressing tape and cotton balls.
The patient can be back to usual activities (although it is better to avoid swimming, jogging, aerobics for 7-10 days after the sclerotherapy treatment) but it is recommended not to use hot bath and sauna, hot injections during 48 hours. It is important to control the contacts with sun exposure. The procedure is rather effective and in 80% of cases fulfills all expectations. But from the beginning the patient has to be ready for some return courses and recurring procedures. Both good general health condition and right choice of experienced surgeon are the pledge of sclerotherapy procedure success.