The combination of high qualification of doctors of medicine and the newest rescue and recovery equipment makes the transportation of patients by an ambulance car safe and improves an outcome of the further treatment.
The defibrillator is the essential component of the rescue and recovery equipment. Every day it saves millions of lives around the Earth. This piece of equipment can carry out two functions at once, and that is convenient for ambulance car in connection with limited space for the rescue and recovery equipment. Such a combination of functions has become recently the standard of all systems of the first aid. The standard defibrillator provides with the electrocardiogram, the invasive and noninvasive arterial pressure, have the second noninvasive channel (for the central venous or intracranial pressure), saturation and temperature (two channels).
The device of artificial breath goes after the defibrillator. It is the part of the standard transport set of the majority of the European services of the first aid. It gives a possibility to carry out artificial lung ventilation (ALV) in all key parameters. It can be applied both to adults and to children.
The standard set of the rescue and recovery equipment goes with special wheelchair. It was created for extremely convenient and functional adaptation. Competently located handles essentially facilitate the transportation of patients. Special caterpillars behind allow to roll an armchair on ladders. It usually goes with spinal board, which is obligatory for ambulance cars. It serves for a rearrangement, transportation and immobilization of patients with suspicion on a trauma of backbone. The bucket stretchers in many cases take place of a spinal board. The ambulance cars apply them to a rearrangement of patients (especially trauma structure), but not for the transportation, as it is too rigid for such cases.
Almost all patients know the unbending cervical collar. The collar serves for immobilization of the cervical department of backbone. It is always applied in a combination with lateral blocks to a head and to the spinal board (or to a special stretcher).
The set of the essential equipment makes a particular suitcase - stacking for the emergency help the patients with infringements of breath, at a poisoning with gases, at drowning, electro traumas and other cases, when ventilation and removal from respiratory ways of water, blood and blood clots is necessary. It is used for the equipment of brigades of the first help. The account materials of suitcases include reusable and disposable syringes, intravenous catheter, intravenous cannula, the disposable systems for the blood transfusion and blood substitutes, the uric catheters, instruments for measuring of arterial pressure, electronic thermometers, preparations for sterilization and disinfection and sets for laryngoscopy.