Sage is a wonderful herb, and there are many different sage health recipes, as well as cooking sage recipes. Birthplace of this evergreen plant is Mediterranean region, but thanks to its great qualities it has come into use in many countries on different continents. It is also being specially cultivated for medical use in countries like France, Greece, Russia, the United States(in western parts of the USA a plant that looks exactly like sage can be found but it belongs to a different family of "Artemisia"), and India.
There is an enormous number of different sage herbs (almost 700 kinds are known worldwide) but "Salvia officinalis" and "Salvia sclarea" are the most popular cultivated kinds of the plant. "Salvia officinalis" is used in sage health recipes while "Salvia sclarea" is grown for its essential oil. All kinds of sage belong to a "Lamiaceae" family, which includes shrubs that can reach height of 50-60 cm.
Sage rough oval shaped leaves are oppositifolious and have grayish-green color (some sorts of sage can have slightly blue coloring). Sage plant has very nice violet or purple flowers (it is pretty unusual, but sometimes you can meet white colored sage flowers). Sage blossoms in summer (June-July). Sage fruits are usually dry with two nutlets. Sage is widely used for both culinary and medical purposes.
Of all the natural healing remedies sage health recipes are considered to be the most important (or at least one of the most important). Sage health remedies were known even in ancient Egypt, where it was used as a way of treatment for female sterility and to protect people from Black Death. Sage health recipes are mentioned in many old medical books; sage herb and different sage based medicines are included in pharmacopeias of all biggest countries in the world.
Such wonderful medical qualities of sage are due to substances it contains. In sage leave tannin, resin, and vitamins have been found. Usually sage remedies are used as anti-infective agents and resolvents. Sage extract is proved to have an estrogenic and hypoglycemic effect.
Sage is also a wonderful kitchen herb. It can easily be used in meat and vegetable dishes. It matches other spices very well, so it can form wonderful spice mixtures. You can also use fresh sage leaves adding them into salads and tomato dishes.
With all the above said qualities, sage is pretty easy to cultivate - you can grow it in your garden and not only with kitchen or medical purposes, but as a beautiful garden plant. You can grow mature plant from sage seeds: sow them in autumn or in early spring (if you are going to use seedlings sow them 40-45 cm apart from each other). Try to place it in well drained sunny places of your garden.
Comparing to other decorative plants, sage grows pretty slow, so you need a little bit of patience. Sage doesn't grow well in pots and is better to be used as a decorative plant for your garden. You can take cuttings from mature plant anytime you want. Cuttings at the top of the plant will also help to give it more bushy look.