Today psychosurgery is probably one of the best ways out in cases of different illnesses connected with psychological statement of people, problems connected with and some disorders in the processes of the work of brain. Fortunately, nowadays such a kind of treatment is not considered as an exotic or an extremely unusual one. Despite, for example, psychic surgery this treatment is accepted in most countries of the whole world and widely spread on their territories.
It can be explained by a rather long history of the psychosurgery treatment as well as by proper investigations, inventions and discoveries in this sphere of surgery and medicine in general. Since the time psychosurgery treatment has been invented the progress in this affair has increased greatly and is still in process. There are always certain innovations and additions in different cases of different diseases and their treatment.
At first, it should be said about psychosurgery history and neurological effect. In general, the first step to the development of this kind of treatment was made by two scientists who united together in the University of Lisbon. Those were Egas Moniz and Almeida Lima. They made a great profit in the history of psychosurgery treatment, and there is no matter that their kind of treatment is not used today, nevertheless that was one of the steps to the success. Well, these two surgeons were the founders of treatment called as a "lobotomy".
That was 1935 and only a few people were acquainted with this procedure and did not know anything about how to treat mental illness. Lobotomy was a great success and in the course of time when more and more people knew about it the procedure became rather popular and it must be added that in most cases it was rather successful.
The next success was gained by another scientist Walter Freeman, whose psychosurgery treatment was called as "icepick lobotomy"; its destiny was very much alike with the lobotomy of 1935 and also is not used nowadays. But nevertheless, it is very important to know about these attempts of gaining success and attempts to treat mental illness. There are also some other outstanding people and operations in psychosurgery history and neurological effect but these are the most important and prominent.
In general, it should be said that there are two basic kinds of psychosurgery. They are as follows: leucotomy and sympathectomy. Of course, there are some common and different features between them and the definitions of them will help to find the difference. Leucotomy is intentional severing of the pre-frontal cortex from thalamic region of the brain. On the other hand, sympathectomy is also the intentional severing but of the sympathetic nerve trunk.
Of course, both the types have their own special features and characteristics and they differ in some other points. It must be said that such kind of surgery is used for treatment of mental diseases and illnesses connected with disorders in behavior, the work of different brain processes. Such kind of surgery is unrelated and it leaves no visible scars afterwards. It such surgery only local anesthesia is used and it is often used for treatment of perceived illnesses.
Psychosurgery is a very popular and effective treatment for different illnesses that have had no kinds of treatment before. It is used for treatment of such illnesses as depression and in some cases even schizophrenia. Today more and more people tend to this kind of surgery as there is a certain degree of guarantee that the result will be successful even in the most complicated cases of different illnesses.