According to scientific researches, prostatitis can affect men of any age. As it has been estimated, approximately 50% of men all over the world experience prostatitis during their lifetime. It is considered to be the most common urological illness in men over 50 years of age. At the same time, prostatitis is the third common disorder in men under 50 years of age. 27% of doctor visits by younger and middle-aged men involve problems with the urogenital system.
Speaking about prostatitis, it's necessary to mention that prostate is a walnut-sized gland located in front of the rectum (below the bladder). The main function of prostate is producing special milky substance (called seminal fluid) to be combined with sperm to form semen. There different kinds of bacteria normally found in prostate. Prostatitis occurs when the quantity of these bacteria begin to grow.
Thus, bacteria growth or atypical organisms (for example, viruses or chlamydial organisms) are among prostatitis causes.
Depending on the disease's cause, a number of prostatitis types are known in modern medical practice. The first one, acute bacterial prostatitis, is the least common one. This type of prostatitis is considered to be the earliest to diagnose and treat efficiently. Among the spread symptoms of this kind of prostatitis are chills, pain in genital area and lower back, fever, heightened urinary frequency at night, painful and burning urination, body aches, etc. This prostatitis type treatment usually includes antibiotics.
Chronic bacterial prostatitis is a relatively uncommon type of prostatitis associated with underlying defect in prostate. It becomes a point for bacteria in the urinary tract. For choosing an appropriate treatment of this prostatitis type it's necessary to identify and remove the defect and then use antibiotics. However, be aware that they are not always able to improve the condition.
Chronic prostatitis (or chronic pelvic pain syndrome) is considered to be the least understood prostatitis type, but at the same time - one of the most common ones. As a rule, its symptoms occur and go away without any warning. It can be either inflammatory (including the existence of infection-fighting cells) or noninflammatory. This type of prostatitis is nonbacterial that's why antibiotics won't manage to treat it. The most appropriate treatment should be chosen by your doctor after an exhaustive analysis of the patient's condition. Sometimes, it can be helpful to change your common diet or take warm baths. But no single solution exists for anyone with this condition.
Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis means that the patient has infection-fighting cells in his semen, but doesn't complain of any discomfort or pain in the prostate. As a rule, this prostatitis type doesn't require treatment. However, the men can be advised to have testing for prostate cancer.
Prostatitis is a disease difficult to diagnose because it's symptoms and signs very often look like those of other illnesses. That's why it's important to have periodical consultations with doctors.