Making a certain organ transplant history review one should be well acquainted with all the facts that took place in the whole history of this kind of surgery as the history was rather interesting, surprising and full of different successes as well as mistakes, very often fatal. Well, it would be wise to start with the definition of the word 'transplantation' in itself. Transplantation is the replacement of some organs or tissues from one person to another or in some cases from one part of the body to another in the case of one and the same person.
The 'sources' of such operations as mentioned at first are donors. They are divided into dead donors and live donors. The first group of donors is used while transplants of organs that are not available for being removed during the life of a person. There are a rather big number of people who ask to use their organs and tissues for transplantations even after they are dead. In cases with live donors transplantations of different tissues and blood take place. Such organs are more available for regeneration and that is why that is not a great problem to regenerate them and return to the same state.
Well, returning to organ transplant history review we can say that the history was rather contradictive. There arose a great amount of debates, questions, mistakes and successful operations. Early transplantation attempts are registered even in the period of time before Christ. It must be said that on all the levels in history of successful transplants operative skills were more developed than post-operative survival. It means that operation in itself was sometimes even easier than the chance of survival after it.
The reason for such a fact is that while such operations the conditions were not perfect and there was a great risk of infections development while and after such operations. Returning to organ transplant history we can remember and mention such provident names as Pien Ch-iao, Eduart Zirm and thousands of doctors, surgeons that have made a great progress in the whole history of medicine and surgery. Now it will be rather useful to tell about each of these personalities.
In the case of Chinese physician Ch-iao we came across the transplantation of heart from one man to another to develop a man of strong will and power. In the situation with the next surgeon, Roman Catholic scientist, we get to know about the transplant of a leg. One of the most successful scientists and surgeons was Zirm who in 1905 was the first who successfully coped with human corneal transplants.
But not only people but also animals were operated in such a way and in organ transplant history review it must be mentioned that there were even cases of transplants of different tissues and organs from animal to a man and vice versa.
The history of successful transplants is rather long and interesting as well as organ transplant history review. Nevertheless, there were also some mistakes and failures just as in any branch of our life. Sometimes people after such operations died in some hours, than in some days, weeks, months and sometimes such people were lucky to live for several years.
Doctors received methods and the skills in the course of time with the development of operations and thanks to the practice of their ancestors. Nevertheless, even nowadays surgeons often cannot give 100 per cent of the successful operation and guarantee that their patients will be able to live for a long time after the operation. But the fact is visible: the number of transplantations has grown greatly in the course of time as well as the quality of such operations.
Organ transplants have come a long way. Just don't try performing them at home!